Bohemian Massif

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bohemian Massif


a mountain massif in western Czechoslovakia and adjacent regions of Poland, the German Democratic Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Austria. The massif is approximately 500 km long and reaches a width of 300 km. The maximum elevation is 1,602 m, at Mount Sněžka.

The rhomboid Bohemian Massif extends from east to west. Along the margins of the massif rise ranges of medium elevation: the Šumava and the Bohemian Forest in the southwest, the Erzgebirge (Krušné Hory) in the northwest, and the Krkonoše of the Sudetes in the northeast. The Bohemian-Moravian Highlands lie in the southeastern part of the massif. The interior of the Bohemian Massif, a broad depression known as the Bohemian Basin, consists of several lowlands separated by uplands and low-mountain massifs.

A protruding body of the ancient basement of the Hercynian folded region, the Bohemian Massif is composed of gneisses, migmatites, schists, and granulites of the Proterozoic and slates, quartzites, and sandstones of the Lower and Middle Paleozoic; the sedimentary mantle is represented by Cretaceous and Cenozoic rocks. Neogene and Anthropogenic (Quaternary) movements brought about fractures and faults along which volcanic lava flowed. Tectonic troughs in the northeastern rim are associated with the formation of the Upper Silesian Coalfield.

On the mountain slopes mixed and coniferous forests of spruce, fir, pine, beech, and oak grow on mountain brown forest soils and mountain podzols; above 1,400 m there are subalpine meadows and shrubs on mountain meadow soils. Such health resorts as Karlovy Vary and Mariánské Lázně have developed around the region’s mineral springs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
and Fischer, T.: 2007, Intraplate seismicity in the western Bohemian Massif (central Europe): A possible correlation with a paleoplate junction.
(2007), whose low-to-intermediate field and medium-to-high temperature component (C2), reflecting probably magnetite, corresponded to the Middle or Late Carboniferous direction for the Bohemian Massif (with no significant rotation).
The studied area is situated in the northeastern part of the Bohemian Massif along the state boundary between the Czech Republic and Poland.
The paper discusses and solves following problems: processing of all data obtained and offer a new interpretations of GPS results with the use of other geophysical and morphological information in the area where increased seismic activity appeared in the past, interconnection and confrontation of MORAVA GPS data with CZEPOS and EPN networks, allowing further consideration of kinematic blocks located in the contact zone of the Bohemian Massif and Brunovistulicum, presentation of a credible vertical movement tendencies gained from repeated leveling measurement along the transverse profiles of the most risky zone in the study area.
They verified that recent Central European geodynamic movement field is directly joined to orogenic Alpine motions acting northward and affecting movements of the European Variscan structures including the resistant Bohemian Massif.
The analysis of vertical tectonic movements were carried out in the area, which in the Cenozoic, was one of the most tectonically modified in the NE part of the Bohemian Massif. The estimated amplitude of vertical crustal movement between Sudetes and the Fore-Sudetic block may exceed 1000 m (Badura et al., 2007).
compose eastern edge of a vast sedimentary cover that extends over large parts of the Bohemian Massif and reaches Dresden in the west (Elbe Sandstein Gebirge).
The Morava network was founded in 1994 as one of the first GPS geodynamic projects in Czech Republic with aim to determine the deformations at border zone between the Bohemian Massif and the Carpathians.
In particular, the Bohemian Massif displays continuous areas with high-grade metamorphic rocks, including various types of migmatites (metatexites and also diatexites).
The Cenozoic volcanic activity in the Bohemian Massif (Central Europe) took place during several periods in Paleogene, Neogene, and also Quaternary.
A number of papers that commented on the origin of two-mica granites in the Bohemian Massif (Vellmer and Wedepohl 1994, Finger et al.
and Seidl, M.: 2009, Discovery of the first Quaternary maar in the Bohemian Massif, Central Europe, based on combined geophysical and geological surveys, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 182 (1-2), 97-112.