Bohumil Trnka

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Trnka, Bohumil


Born June 3,1895, in Kletecná. Czech linguist and literary scholar. Doctor of philological sciences.

In 1919, Trnka graduated from Charles University, where he became a professor in 1930. He was a member of the Linguistic Circle of Prague. Trnka’s principal works deal with Germanic philology, primarily the phonology and syntax of English. In the field of theoretical linguistics, Trnka is developing a functional approach to language. Trnka has written articles on diachronic phonology and numerous works on English literature, including History of English Literature (vols. 1–4,2nd ed., 1959–65).


On the Syntax of the English Verb From Caxton to Dryden. Prague, 1930.
Pokus o vědeckou teorii a praktickou reformu těsnopisu. Prague, 1937.
A Tentative Bibliography. Utrecht, 1950.
Rozbor nynějšíspisovnéangličliny, 2nd ed-, vols. 1–2. Prague, 1962.
Fonetický a fonologický vývoj slova v nové angličtině, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Prague, 1962.


Nosek, J. “Soupis praci univ. prof. B. Trnki [1914–1954].” Časopis pro modermífilotogii, 1955, nos. 2–3.
Nosek, J. “Bibliography of Prof. B. Trnka’s Work, 1955–1965.”
Philologicapragensia, 1965, nos. 3–4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, thanks to the professors I met at the English department (first of all Professor Bohumil Trnka and Professor Josef Vachek, and also Professor Vilem Fried) I found out that it is the study of language that I want to follow in my professional life.
Bohumil Trnka lectured on English syntax, but in the seminars he also assigned papers on other points, in particular phonology.
The tenets set forth by Mathesius and his successor Bohumil Trnka are documented and taken further in the work of leading figures such as Josef Vachek, his Brno disciple Jan Firbas, and Ivan Poldauf." He further points out "the sustained evolution, refinement and elaboration of an existing paradigm which characterizes the Prague School, whereby both utterances and textual materials, together with the psychological processing of language, and the definition of language as a systemic structure have an essential place." He finds the "strengths" of the Prague linguistic paradigm especially in three characteristics: 1.