Bohun, Humphrey VIII de, 4th earl of Hereford and 3d earl of Essex

Bohun, Humphrey VIII de, 4th earl of Hereford and 3d earl of Essex,

1276–1322, English nobleman; son of Humphrey VII de Bohun. One of the lords ordainers who attempted to curb the powers of Edward IIEdward II,
1284–1327, king of England (1307–27), son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile, called Edward of Carnarvon for his birthplace in Wales. The Influence of Gaveston
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 in 1310, he took part in the execution (1312) of the hated Piers GavestonGaveston, Piers
, d. 1312, favorite of Edward II of England. Son of a Gascon knight at the court of Edward I, he was a boyhood playmate of the future Edward II and acquired great influence over him.
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. He fought for Edward at Bannockburn (1314), was captured by the Scots, and was exchanged. He was killed at Boroughbridge fighting on the baronial side against the king and the Despensers.
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