Boidae


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Related to Boidae: Colubridae, Pythonidae, python

Boidae

[′bō·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The boas, a family of nonvenomous reptiles of the order Squamata, having teeth on both jaws and hindlimb rudiments.

Boidae

 

a family of reptiles of the suborder Serpentes, or Ophidia. Along the sides of the anus are clawlike vestiges of the posterior extremities, which are more marked in males. There are the rudiments of a pelvis and of the femur. The teeth are found on the maxillary, dentary, pterygoid, and palatine bones and sometimes on the intermaxillary bones. The pupil is vertical. There are two lungs in the majority of Boidae, the right one considerably longer than the left.

The Boidae include the largest of extant snakes—the reticulated python and the anaconda—which both measure as much as 10 m long. The coloration is varied, often with variegated markings. The snakes are distributed mainly in the torrid zone, including the Pacific islands. Most species inhabit forests, while some inhabit steppes and deserts. One lives in trees, others, such as the anaconda, live in water, and still others, of the genus Eryx, live in soil. There are both oviparous and ovoviviparous species.

Boidae attack their prey, mainly various mammals and other vertebrates, by sinking their fangs into the animal and simultaneously coiling their bodies around it and suffocating it. Large serpents, such as pythons, can swallow wild boars and deer. In stances of attacks on humans are known. In the tropics, members of the family are hunted for their skins, which are used for the manufacture of various products, and for their edible flesh. There are 80 species, included in four subfamilies. The subfamily Boinae includes 15 genera, ten of which are distributed in the western hemisphere, two in Madagascar and neighboring islands, one in New Guinea and certain other islands of Oceania, one in Southwest, Central, and Middle Asia, and one in southeastern Europe.

I. S. DAREVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
El numero total de ofidios encontrados en Colombia hasta la fecha, es el siguiente: FAMILIA Generos Especies y Subespecies Typhlopidae 4 8 Leptotyphlopidae 1 7 Aniliidae 1 1 Boidae 6 11 Colubridae 50 158 Hydrophiidae 1 1 Elapidae 2 29 Crotalidae 3 13 Se conocen 68 generos con 228 especies y subespecies de serpientes colombianas, entre ellas 6 generos con 43 especies y subespecies de ofidios venenosos, que se dividen en los siguientes grupos:
Kalicephalus subulatus Molin, 1861 (Nematoda, Diaphanocephalidae) en Boa constrictor Linnaeus, 1758 (Reptilia, Boidae) de Peru.
Elgaria sp., alligator lizard -- 2 -- Boidae Charina bottae, rubber boa x -- -- Charina sp., boa -- -- 1 Colubridae Colubridae genus et species unidentified -- 5 9 Coluber constrictor, racer x -- -- Contia tenuis, sharp-tailed snake x -- -- Diadophis punctatus, ring-necked snake x -- -- Diadophis/Tantilla -- 1 -- Hypsiglena torquata, night snake x -- -- Lampropeltis getula, common kingsnake x -- -- L.
Dentro del orden Squamata, la familia Colubridae presento el mayor numero de especies (8), con una amplia distribucion en toda la zona peninsular, seguida de la familia Viperidae (3) y Boidae (2).
VARANIDAE Varanus salvator Biawak Varanus bornensis Biawak Kalimantan SERPENTES BOIDAE Python reticulatus Ular Sawa, Ular Petola ACROCHORDIDAE Acrochordus javanicus COLUBRIDAE Calamaria leucogaster Dendrelaphis pictus Telampar Ahaetulla sp.
A concern for evidence and a phylogenetic hypothesis of relationships among Epicrates (Boidae, Serpentes).
The effects of temperature on the growth and development of embryos of the Indian python, Python molurus (Reptilia: Serpentes: Boidae).
Snout temperatures of reptiles, with special reference to the changes during feeding behaviour in Python molurus bivittatus (Serpentes, Boidae): A study using infrared radiation.
We analyzed phylogenetic relationships (1) of the lizard and snake families; (2) within eight families (Boidae, Colubridae, Elapidae, Typhlopidae, Viperidae, Anguidae, Iguanidae, and Scincidae); (3) within ten subfamilies (Alsophiinae, Colubrinae, Natricinae, and Psammophiinae for Colubridae; Viperinae and Crotalinae for Viperidae; Diploglossinae and Gerrhonotinae for Anguidae; and Lygosominae and Scincinae for Scincidae); and (4) within seven genera (Elaphe and Natrix for Colubridae; Agkistrodon and Trimeresurus for Viperidae; Diploglossus and Elgeria for Anguidae; and Eumeces for Scincidae).
Maximum relative abundance was recorded for family Colubridae (63.53%: N = 331), and minimum for family Boidae (6.53%: N = 34).
Contribucion al conocimiento de los Boideos peruanos (Boidae, Ophidia, Reptilia).