Herpetological fauna of Dir Lower and Dir Upper districts (Northern mountainous region) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan contains 11 species of lizards (Calotes versicolor farooqi, Laudakia agrorensis, Eublepharis macularius, Cyrtopodion scabrum, Hemidactylus brookii, Hemidactylus flaviviridis, Ophisops jerdonii, Asymblepharus himalayanus, Eurylepis taeniolatus, Eutropis dissimilis and Varanus bengalensis) and 16 species of snakes (Eryx johnii, Amphiesma stolatum, Boiga
trigonata, Lycodon striatus, Oligodon arnensis, Oligodon taeniolatus, Platyceps rhodorachis, Platyceps ventromaculatus, Ptyas mucosus, Spalerosophis atriceps, Xenochrophis piscator, Gloydius himalayanus, Bungarus caeruleus, Naja oxiana, Typhlops porrectus, Echis carinatus).
Bottega DB, de Souza BHS, da Silva AG, Boiga
2015), and dogs are much more successful than humans at detecting invasive brown tree snakes Boiga
irregularis (Savidge et al.
Lance, "Effects of trapping and subsequent short-term confinement stress on plasma corticosterone in the brown treesnake (Boiga
irregularis) on Guam," General and Comparative Endocrinology, vol.
Anderson Gongalves da Silva (1) *, Paulo Roberto Silva Farias (1), Arlindo Leal Boiga
Junior (2), Bruno Gongaves Lima (2), Nara Helena Tavares da Ponte (2), Raphael Coelho Pinho (2), Ronny Sobreira Barbosa (3)
Localities, stratigraphic range, and age: This Megaloolithus ooespecies is represented by eggs at Suterranya-1 and by scattered eggshells at the Orcau-1, Orcau, Llabusta, Vicari, Suterranya, Fontllonga L, Barranc de la Boiga
, Moli del Baro-1, Serrat del Rostiar-2, Cami del Soldat and L'Espinau localities.
Mangrove pit viper, Boiga
dendrophila uses its twin fangs, it punches holes into the skin of its victims.
Experiments with the brown tree snake (Boiga
irregularis) demonstrated avoidance of open areas and increased use of refugia during periods of a simulated full moon (Campbell et al., 2008).
The venomous brown tree snake (Boiga
irregularis) is a member of the Boiginae sub-family within the polyphyletic taxon Colubridae, and native to tropical Africa, India, and Australia (1).
More profoundly, Paul Knights offers an array of examples in which local biota have become defining cultural features for numerous societies, including the establishment of activist groups opposed to the "increasing homogenization of agriculture and horticulture." (17) When the infamous brown tree snake (Boiga
irregularis) invaded the Pacific island of Guam in the early 1950s, the ecological destruction was obvious; but as Mansel Blackford suggests, "Guam's residents viewed the snakes' extirpation of their native birdlife as an attack on their culture." (18)
irregularis), a costly introduced pest on Pacific Islands.