Boko Haram

Boko Haram

[Western education is sinful], Nigerian Islamic fundamentalist militia, officially Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati Wal-Jihad [people committed to the propagation of the Prophet's teachings and jihad]. It arose (c.2002) in Maiduguri, Borno, NE Nigeria, and subsequently spread across the nation's north, where Muslims are the majority and poverty is widepsread; it has been especially active in the states of Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa in NE Nigeria, especially in rural areas. Frustration with Nigerian government neglect and corruption has contributed to the influence of the group, which is loosely modeled on the TalibanTaliban
or Taleban
, Islamic fundamentalist militia of Afghanistan and later Pakistan, originally consisting mainly of Sunni Pashtun religious students from Afghanistan who were educated and trained in Pakistan.
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. Boko Haram also has operated in areas of Cameroon, Chad, and Niger bordering NE Nigeria, with significant fighting between the Cameroonian military and group beginning in the second half of 2014.

Boko Haram mounted its first attack in 2004, and since then the group has been responsible for thousands of deaths. The sect demands the adoption of shariasharia,
the religious law of Islam. As Islam makes no distinction between religion and life, Islamic law covers not only ritual but many aspects of life. The actual codification of canonic law is the result of the concurrent evolution of jurisprudence proper and the so-called
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, and has killed many Christians in church bombings as well as more moderate Muslims. There also have been bloody attacks on educational institutions, the mass kidnapping and enslavement of women and children, scorched-earth attacks on entire villages, and attacks outside N Nigeria. In 2011 a UN building in Abuja was struck by a suicide bomber from the group.

After Boko Haram's leader, Mohammed Yusuf, was killed by Nigerian security forces in 2009, the group appeared to fragment. At least one of the resulting splinter groups, Ansaru, which formed in 2012 and mainly has targeted Westerners in Nigeria, has formed an alliance with Al QaedaAl Qaeda
or Al Qaida
[Arab.,=the base], Sunni Islamic terrorist organization with the stated goals of uniting all Muslims and establishing a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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. In 2010 Abubakar Shekau claimed leadership of Boko Haram. Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger, and Benin agreed in 2012 to establish a joint military task force to combat the group, which was operating outside Nigeria, but disagreements stalled any significant move toward its creation until 2015.

In 2014 the group moved from hit-and-run attacks to holding territory, and declared an Islamic state in the parts of NE Nigeria it controlled; it also increasingly targeted political figures. Boko Haram pledged its allegiance to the Islamic StateIslamic State
(IS), Sunni Islamic militant group committed to the establishment of an Islamic caliphate that would unite Muslims in a transnational, strict-fundamentalist Islamic state.
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 (IS) in 2015 as it faced a counteroffensive from Nigeria and its neighbors, in which Chadian and Nigerian forces largely forced the group from towns it had controlled. By mid-2016 Nigerian forces had regained much of the territory Boko Haram had seized in 2014. The group nonetheless remained capable of launching deadly attacks.

In 2016 Shekau denounced the claim that he had been replaced as Boko Haram's leader by Abu Musab al-Barnawi, who subsequently became the leader of the Islamic State in West Africa, an insurgent group that established itself in the rural areas of the Lake Chad basin and was endorsed by the Islamic State. There was a surge in attacks by various Boko Haram factions in Nigeria beginning in late 2018, and by late 2019 the Nigerian military no longer controlled a number of rural areas in Borno. In 2020, areas in Cameroon bordering Borno suffered recurring Boko Haram attacks.

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References in periodicals archive ?
27 -- I don't think that WHO declaration of 'Nigeria Ebola free' will make the Nigerians to rejoice because the country is gripped by a worse and more deadly epidemic than Ebola: Boko Haram.
TERRORIST fanatics Boko Haram yesterday promised to free hundreds of kidnapped schoolgirls after agreeing a truce.
September 2014 marks five months since Boko Haram, a militant armed group in northern Nigeria, abducted over two hundred schoolgirls from Chibok, in Borno State.
The Nigerian group Boko Haram operates a lot like Calvera's gang of bandits.
Online book news company The Bookseller announced on Thursday that independent publishing house, IB Tauris has acquired the World rights from the author of a book about Nigerian terror group Boko Haram.
The kidnaping of more than 200 Nigerian girls by Boko Haram, which has spoken of selling the girls off to prevent them from getting schooling, has been an embarrassment across the Islamic world although Boko Haram clearly does not represent mainstream thought.
In 2015, the island of Ngomiron Doumou in Lake Chad was attacked by armed extremists who said they belonged to the outlawed Boko Haram group.
Summary: Abuja [Nigeria], Aug 3 (Xinhua/ANI): The multinational force fighting Boko Haram along the Lake Chad region on Saturday debunked claims that terror group attacked a military base and killed at least 40 people in Baga, a town in Nigeria's northeast region, on August 1.
It is 10 years since Boko Haram transformed from radical Islamist sect to terrorist insurgency group, coinciding with the rise of its current leader, Abubakar Shekau.
The Wall Street Journal's disturbing July 31 report of an alleged secret mass burial of at least a thousand Nigerian soldiers who were murdered by Boko Haram terrorists has, once again, brought to the fore the conscienceless villainy and duplicity of the Buhari regime and its service chiefs who have overstayed their statutorily mandated length of service by several years/months.
Hilary Matfess, Women and the War on Boko Haram: wives, weapons, witnesses.
The Multi-National Joint Task Force, comprising troops from Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon, killed no fewer than 40 Boko Haram terrorists and recovered six gun trucks when the insurgents attacked a military base in Gueskerou, which is between Nigeria and Niger Republic.