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(bəlâr`ō), national dance of Spain, introduced c.1780 by Sebastian Zerezo, or Cerezo. Of Moroccan origin, it resembles the fandangofandango
, ancient Spanish dance, probably of Moorish origin, that came into Europe in the 17th cent. It is in triple time and is danced by a single couple to the accompaniment of castanets, guitar, and songs sung by the dancers.
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. It is in 2–4 or 3–4 time for solo or duo dancing and is performed to the accompaniment of castanets, guitar, and the voices of the dancers. Ravel's Bolero is in this rhythm.



A Spanish native dance that has a moderate tempo and a three-beat rhythm. A series of constantly repeating rhythmic figures is characteristic of the bolero. It is danced to the accompaniment of guitar and drum, and the dancers themselves sing and beat out complicated triplet rhythms on castanets. It exists in various regional versions—for one, two, or more dancers.

The bolero appeared around 1780 and from the early 19th century was danced on the stage. Boleros have been the form of individual numbers in operas (by E. N. Méhul, D. F. Auber, H. Berlioz, and K. M. Weber), ballets (P. I. Tchaikovsky, L. Delibes), romances (M. I. Glinka, A. S. Dargomyzhskii, and L. Delibes), and instrumental plays (F. Chopin, I. Albéniz, and M. Ravel).


1. a Spanish dance, often accompanied by the guitar and castanets, usually in triple time
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance


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