Boleslaus II

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Boleslaus II,

c.1039–1081, duke (1058–76), and later king (1076–79) of Poland; son and successor of Casimir ICasimir I
, c.1015–1058, duke of Poland (c.1040–1058), son of Mieszko II. He succeeded in reuniting the central Polish lands under the hegemony of the Holy Roman Empire, but he was never crowned king. He is also called Casimir the Restorer.
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. Throughout his reign he opposed the influence of the Holy Roman Empire. He asserted Polish power in Bohemia, Hungary, and S Russia by interfering in their civil wars. As a reward for submitting his foreign policy to papal control he was crowned king in 1076. He became involved in a sharp conflict with the Polish clergy and nobility, and in 1079 he killed (or procured the death of) Stanislaus, bishop of Kraków. The death provoked immediate reaction; the king's younger brother, Ladislaus Herman, joined in league with the powerful nobles and seized the royal power. Excommunicated and deprived of his title by Pope Gregory VII, Boleslaus died in exile in Hungary.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The historical Stanislaus was an eleventh-century bishop of Krak[acute{o}]w, who, according to legend, raised a man from the dead to testify on his behalf before King Boleslaus II. Enraged, the king ordered Stanislaus killed and, when his soldiers hesitated, he did the deed himself.
In late August of that year, Sayn-Wittgenstein 'discovered' that the historical Boleslaus II waged war in Hungary, not Rus.(44) (In fact, there were campaigns in both lands.) There is a variant of 'The Royal Feast' in Cornelius's handwriting (now in the Stadtbibliothek, Mainz) which reflects this difference in geography.(45)