Boleslaw Bierut

Bierut, Bolesław

 

Born Apr. 18, 1892, near Lublin; died Mar. 12, 1956, in Moscow. Polish politician and statesman.

Beginning in 1912, Bierut took part in the revolutionary movement as a member of the left wing of the Polish Socialist Party. From December 1918 he was a member of the Communist Party of Poland (CPP); from 1915 to 1923 he was engaged in instructional guidance work in Polish workers’ cooperatives, and subsequently he held responsible posts in the CPP. Because of his revolutionary activity, Bierut underwent persecution and arrest in bourgeois Poland. During the years when the German Nazis occupied Poland, he was one of the organizers of the struggle for the national and social liberation of the Polish people. He joined the leadership of the Polish Workers’ Party, which had come into being in 1942. On Jan. 1, 1944, Bierut was elected chairman of the Krajowa Rada Narodowa (People’s National Council) and remained in this post until Feb. 4, 1947. From 1947 to 1952 he served as president of the Polish Republic and chairman of the State Council; from 1952 to 1954 he was chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Polish People’s Republic. From September 1948, Bierut was general secretary of the central committee of the Polish Worker’s Party, and from December 1948, a member of the Politburo of the central committee and chairman of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers’ Party. From March 1954 he was first secretary of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers’ Party.

WORKS

O pariii, 2nd ed. Warsaw, 1954,
References in periodicals archive ?
In October 1945, ownership of all land in Warsaw was communalized by decree of Poland's first postwar Communist leader, Boleslaw Bierut, thus streamlining the reconstruction of the city after massive wartime devastation.
In 1945, immediately after the end of the Second World War, Poland's communist leader, Boleslaw Bierut, ordered the confiscation of tens of thousand of buildings from their legal owners, nationalizing them "for the good of the state." A large portion of those buildings belonged to Jews who lived in Poland before the war.
As a reformer, Gomulka turned out to be a disappointment, but he was an improvement over his predecessor, Boleslaw Bierut. Nagy had long been a loyal comrade, but as prime minister he stood for far-reaching reforms of the communist system.
There are a few small errors -- James Callaghan was not Prime Minister in 1975; the Polish Communist leader was Boleslaw Bierut, not Beirut, and 'Britain's finest hour' was not Dunkirk but the Battle of Britain.