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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the inhabitants of Bolivia, totaling 4.8 million persons (1969 estimate). The predominant population is Indian, accounting for nearly two-thirds of the total; the remaining population is primarily mestizo (cholo). There are also inhabitants of European descent. The Quechua and Aymará Indians make up the bulk of the country’s agricultural population and unskilled mine-working force. The cholo are most often merchants, low-ranking service personnel, and skilled laborers. The white population forms the ruling elite. The state language is Spanish; a considerable number of the inhabitants of the high mountain regions are bilingual, as they know both Spanish and Quechua or Aymará. The official religion is Catholicism; the Indians retain vestiges of pre-Christian beliefs.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bolivia defused this campaign by pointing at statistics that show that Bolivians studying in Argentina account for less that 1% of the university population.
In this perspective, this paper aims at analyzing both performance and limits of health professionals providing healthcare services to Bolivian immigrants in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), focusing on the Chagas disease issue in healthcare services located in the central region of Sao Paulo City, in Brazil.
In his quest to overthrow the Bolivian government, Bolivian and US forces captured and killed him.
This Presidential determination was based, in part, on insufficient Bolivian law enforcement efforts to disrupt and dismantle drug trafficking organizations and inadequate Bolivian controls to prevent the diversion of "legal" coca cultivation to illicit cocaine production during the previous year.
by Mac Margolis Bolivia's President Evo Morales speaks during a news conference at the presidential palace in La Paz, Bolivia, in this February 29, 2016 handout photo by the Bolivian Presidency.
Paraguay was able to mobilize its entire army and reserves, while the Bolivians were never able to get more than 40,000 effectives--out of a 60,000+ man army-- mobilized and to the combat zone.
Another interesting aspect of her work is that she studies triangulated dynamics, which in her book relates to the reciprocal perceptions and interactions between Japanese, Bolivians, and herself.
Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi has been charged by Argentina with a major role in planning the 1994 bombing of the Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, a terrorist action that killed 85 people--including six Bolivian nationals.
The Bolivian government sustained anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts over the last year, though it did not demonstrate increased efforts to prosecute and punish trafficking offenders.
Foreign-aid organizations encouraged Bolivian farmers to take advantage of increased demand and grow more of the crop for export.
Dilemmas of Modernity: Bolivian Encounters with Law and Liberalism