Bolognese School

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bolognese School


one of the schools of Italian painting. Bolognese painting, which was outstanding for its sharp character and expression of images, occupied a prominent place in Italian art as early as the 14th century. However, the term “Bolognese school” is associated primarily with one of the trends in Italian painting during the period of the formation and flowering of the baroque style. The Bolognese school came into being after the Carracci brothers founded the Academy of Those Who Have Entered Upon the Correct Path in Bologna circa 1585; there for the first time the doctrines of European academicism and the forms of activity for future art academies were established. The Bolognese school considered the study of nature a preparatory stage on the way to the creation of ideal images. This same goal was served by a strict system of rules for mastery that was artificially abstracted from the experience of the High Renaissance masters.

The artists of the Bolognese school from the late 16th through 17th centuries (the Carraccis, G. Reni, Domenichino, and Guercino) mainly executed compositions based on religious and mythological themes that were marked by idealization and frequently by magnificent ornamentation. The Bolognese school played a dual role in the history of art. It facilitated the systematization of art education, and its masters developed the types of altar paintings, monumental decorative frescoes, and “heroic” landscapes which were characteristic of the baroque style. In the early period the Bolognese masters sometimes showed sincere feelings and original concepts (in portrait and genre painting), but later the principles of the Bolognese school, which spread throughout Italy (and later even beyond its borders) and became dogma, engendered only cold abstraction and lifelessness in art.


Vipper, B. R. Problema realizma v ital’ianskoi zhivopisi XVII-XVIII vekov. Moscow, 1966. Chapter 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Modesti's book treats Sirani in isolation, missing the opportunity to assess her achievement within the Bolognese school, a defining tradition of the Baroque.
General manager Mike Gould said, "Sir Kyffin took a very keen interest in the centre from its earliest days and it's typical of his generous support.": Talented apprentice:Domenichino, who was born Domenico Zampieri in 1581, was a prominent high Baroque Italian painter of the Bolognese School, or Carracci School, of painters.
Mystery now surrounds who painted the picture as some expert art historians think the Haddo Madonna might be a 16th century work, whereas others suggest it may be by an artist of the Bolognese School, which was strongly influenced by Raphael.
He taught not only his daughter but, later, Lodovico the eldest of the Carracci, the initiator of the Bolognese School which defied Prospero's Mannerist past and dominated Italian painting in the early seventeenth century.
Schutze and Willette each make a strong case for Stanzione's crucial links with Annibale Carracci and the Bolognese school, but they do so in very different terms.
Although not of the Bolognese School but a late Florentine painter, Carlo Dolci follows its tradition in his passionate Magdalen, all plump orifices and blue-tinged olive fervour in a face of body-flesh.
To help us do that for Riccioli, we have essays by Denise Arico on Bolognese schools and Riccioli, and by Alessandra Fiocca and Veronica Gavagna on aspects of the science of the Ferrara region: both were areas where Riccioli lived and worked.