Ivan Bolotnikov

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Bolotnikov, Ivan Isaevich

 

Date of birth unknown; died in 1608. The leader of a large-scale, antifeudal uprising of peasants and bondmen in Russia in 1606–07. A former bondman of the boyar Teliatevskii.

In his youth, Bolotnikov fled to the cossacks and was then captured by the Tatars and sold into slavery in Turkey to work on a galley. As a result of a defeat inflicted on the Turkish galleys by German ships, Bolotnikov was freed from captivity and found himself in Venice. He returned to Russia through Poland. In the summer of 1606, Bolotnikov became the organizer and leader of an uprising which broke out in the south. The peasant wars covered an enormous territory. The forces of Bolotnikov inflicted large-scale defeats on the army of Tsar Vasilii Shuiskii, and in October 1606 they besieged Moscow. But in a battle on Dec. 2,1606, the forces of Bolotnikov suffered a defeat and retreated to Kaluga, where they were besieged by tsarist troops. In May 1607 the army of Bolotnikov smashed Shuiskii’s troops and liberated Kaluga, but then (in June 1607) Bolotnikov’s detachments were besieged in Tula, which fell on Oct. 10. Bolotnikov was seized and exiled to Kargopol’, where he was blinded and drowned.

References in periodicals archive ?
On the Bolotnikov, Razin, Bulavin, and Pugachev uprisings as frontier phenomena, see Paul Avrich, Russian Rebels, 1600-1800 (New York: W.
According to APA agency, certain Bolotnikov, who was allegedly awarded by Armenian Defense Minister Seyran Ohanyan for his
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197) This paragraph was prepared with the assistance of Aleksey Bolotnikov, Physicist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Professor Zhong He, Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, and Ralph James, Senior Physicist, Brookhaven National Laboratory, July 2008.
Most useful is Bussows recollections of the revolt against Tsar Vasilii Shuiskii undertaken by Ivan Bolotnikov and his ragtag bands of supporters.
Gus's The Keys to Berlin, Diez's Ivan Bolotnikov, and Sel'vinskii's Knight Ivan.
For his reviews of Bogdan Khmel'nitskii, The Keys to Berlin, Ivan Bolotnikov, and Knight Ivan, see d.
Another thoughtful essay, "Guerre contadine e/o moti popolari in Russia" (Peasant Wars and/or Popular Uprisings in Russia [85-106]), discusses whether the rebellions of Ivan Bolotnikov, Bohdan Khmel'nyts'kyi, Stepan (Sten'ka) Razin, Kondratii Bulavin, Emel'ian Pugachev, and others were genuine peasant wars or spontaneous and unfocused jacqueries and relates them to urban unrest in Russia and popular upheavals in Central and Western Europe.
The Bolotnikov rebellion (1606-7) was not a popular mass uprising against serfdom; it was another mass movement for "Dmitrii.