Bolshevik

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Bolshevik

(formerly) a Russian Communist
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bolshevik

(from the Russian bol' shinstovo, majority) a member of the Leninist majority of the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1903, the forerunner of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Thus, by extension, the term bolshevism has also come to refer to any revolutionary communist party which adopts a similar ‘vanguard conception’ of the role of the party in leading the working class (see also POLITICAL PARTY).

Bol’shevik

 

the southernmost and second largest island of the Severnaia Zemlia archipelago. Its area is 11,312 sq km. The northern shore is sharply indented. The land, which reaches 935 m in elevation, is mainly formed of proterozoic metamorphic schists and sandstones, as well as granitoids. Low plateau-like elevations predominate, becoming hilly plains on the southern shore. About 30 percent of the territory is covered by glaciers. On the shore plain there is moss and lichen vegetation of the arctic desert.


Bol’shevik

 

an urban-type settlement in Gomel’ Raion, Gomel’ Oblast, Byelorussian SSR, 8 km from the Kostiukovka railroad station (on theGomel’-Zhlobin line). Population, 2,500 (1968). The Bol’shevik Peat-processing Enterprise is located there.


Bol’shevik

 

an urban-type settlement in Susuman Raion, Magadan Oblast, RSFSR, on the Magadan-Khandyga highway. Population, 1,300 (1968). Gold mining.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kirsten Delegard's new book, Battling Miss Bolsheviki, suggests that conservative women have a long history of playing a central role in anchoring this country's right wing.
se le pueda excusar que vea bolshevikis hasta en los postes del telegrafo, pero el pais no tiene por que sufrir las consecuencias de tan aguda hiperestesia.
Ignoring the claims of anarchists to have set off the bombs, Captain Mills announced they 'were part of the plot which the Bolsheviki are starting on a nationwide scale.' Amid a massive security operation, Mills's officers picked up a fifty-six-year-old former hat-maker, Edward Moore, whom the Philadelphia Inquirer labelled 'one of the city's most intractable revolutionists'.
On May 19 The Times, via Arthur Ford of its Ottawa bureau, reported "There is not the slightest doubt that there is a large 'Red' element in Winnipeg, who have been planning for months for a revolution in the west and are prepared to seize upon the present disturbance, if at all possible, to establish a soviet in Winnipeg and put into force the Bolsheviki principles." (50) The Mail and Empire reported on June 2, that many people, including Gideon Robertson, thought that the OBU was the underlying cause of the strike.
"Worldwide Anarchist Plot" screamed headlines linking the "Bolsheviki" to the IWW and to "revolutionists" around the world.
(3.) A total of thirteen organizations were banned under PC 2384: The Industrial Workers of the World, The Russian Social Democratic Party, The Russian Revolutionary Group, The Russian Social Revolutionists, The Russian Workers Union, The Ukrainian Social Democratic Party, The Social Democratic Party, The Social Labor Party, The Group of Social Democrats of Bolsheviki, The Group of Social Democrats of Anarchists, The Workers International Industrial Union, The Chinese Labor Association, and The Chinese National League.
Chief Justice Taft always had distrusted Hoover as a "Progressive," and feared his own death while Hoover was in office lest "the Bolsheviki" gain control of the Court.(41) McReynolds's fears with respect to Nebbia were realized in part when the Court rejected substantive due process challenges to the application of the Wagner Act's collective bargaining provisions to three manufacturing concerns he considered "private" in 1937;(42) but here, as with the minimum wage, 1937 was a doctrinal denouement.
In the twenties, Chief Justice William Howard Taft vowed to stay on the Court as long as possible to "prevent the Bolsheviki from getting control" (by which he meant the great liberal Justices Louis Brandeis and Benjamin Cardozo).
Fuad Shatara, a Palestine-born American surgeon from Brooklyn, who testified before the Committee about the "Bolsheviki" element among the Jewish colonists.
After the Bolsheviki had come into power, he emigrated to Paris and devoted himself to the study and teaching of international law.