Bolshevik

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Related to Bolsheviks: Mensheviks, Bolshevik Revolution

Bolshevik

(formerly) a Russian Communist
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bolshevik

(from the Russian bol' shinstovo, majority) a member of the Leninist majority of the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1903, the forerunner of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Thus, by extension, the term bolshevism has also come to refer to any revolutionary communist party which adopts a similar ‘vanguard conception’ of the role of the party in leading the working class (see also POLITICAL PARTY).

Bol’shevik

 

the southernmost and second largest island of the Severnaia Zemlia archipelago. Its area is 11,312 sq km. The northern shore is sharply indented. The land, which reaches 935 m in elevation, is mainly formed of proterozoic metamorphic schists and sandstones, as well as granitoids. Low plateau-like elevations predominate, becoming hilly plains on the southern shore. About 30 percent of the territory is covered by glaciers. On the shore plain there is moss and lichen vegetation of the arctic desert.


Bol’shevik

 

an urban-type settlement in Gomel’ Raion, Gomel’ Oblast, Byelorussian SSR, 8 km from the Kostiukovka railroad station (on theGomel’-Zhlobin line). Population, 2,500 (1968). The Bol’shevik Peat-processing Enterprise is located there.


Bol’shevik

 

an urban-type settlement in Susuman Raion, Magadan Oblast, RSFSR, on the Magadan-Khandyga highway. Population, 1,300 (1968). Gold mining.

References in periodicals archive ?
In books, newspapers, travel accounts, and government-issued posters distributed across borders, Hanebrink finds ample evidence that Jews were perceived as embodying the Bolshevik threat which purportedly endangered all European Christendom.
By 1919-20, it was abundantly clear to the Bolsheviks that sitting in expectation of a revolution in the West was fruitless.
It should be noted that the Bolsheviks had nothing to do with the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic.
Regarding the Bolshevik Revolution, it was often said that with it, "the sun had finally risen in the East"!
Allen, Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: Life of an Old Bolshevik (Chicago: Haymarket Books 2016)
In the elections of November 1917, however, the Bolsheviks took only 24 percent of the seats, far behind the Socialist Revolutionaries, who won a clear majority.
Early on the Bolsheviks controlled much of the territory around Murmansk and Archangel.
The issue of gaining and retaining power, which preoccupied both Bolsheviks and their opponents throughout the revolutionary period, has for a long time been the focus of historians' attention.
3) These have often been regarded, not least by Bolsheviks themselves, as 'birthmarks of the old society' (in Marx's phrase), vestigial left-overs from a bygone era.
The Bolsheviks controlled key urban and industrial centres, while ISIS is truly dominant only in the Iraqi and Syrian hinterland.
Sunderland begins his narrative with a description of Baron Ungern's unique cloak or "deel." When the Bolsheviks captured him, his cloak defined much of who he was.