Bomber Aviation

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bomber Aviation


a type of combat aviation designed to strike land or sea targets with aerial bombs and missiles. Depending on the character of the tasks being carried out and the performance data of the planes, bomber aviation is divided into frontline and long-range (strategic) aviation; in the US Army it is divided into tactical and strategic. Frontline bomber aviation is utilized for joint operations with ground forces and in air operations conducted by the air force, whereas long-range (strategic) aviation is used for independent actions against targets in the enemy’s interior; when necessary, it can be enlisted for joint operations with the ground forces and navy. Bomber aviation took shape as an arm of combat aviation during the course of World War I (1914–18), when in almost every belligerent state first medium-sized and then large units of bomber aviation were created. In the operations of World War II (1939–45) the bomber aviation of the belligerents was usually employed in mass on the main operational axes against the most important objectives and in the most crucial periods of an operation.

In present-day conditions the principal weaponry of bomber aviation consists of aerial bombs and guided and unguided missiles.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the Cold War the base was home to 899 APIB (899th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment) and/or 899 BAP (Bomber Aviation Regiment) flying Su-24 aircraft in the 1970s and upgraded to MiG-23 UB aircraft in the 1980s.
"Since September 30, the Russian Aerospace Forces in Syria have made 5,662 sorties, including 145 sorties made by strategic missile and long-range bomber aviation, the Russian military have also carried out 97 launches of sea-based and air-based missiles," Rudskoy said, Itar-Tass reported.
The core chapters of the book offer detailed examinations of the three combat regiments comprised primarily of female personnel--the 46th Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment (the famed Night Witches), the 125th Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment, and the 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment.
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From the Caspian Sea, 29 aircraft of the long-range and bomber aviation were involved in the airstrikes."