Bombina


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bombina

 

a genus of tailless amphibians (Salientia) of the family Discoglossidae. The back is brownish gray in color; there are well-defined black and red (or yellow) spots on the underside. The genus comprises four species: (1) the common fire-bellied toad (B. bombina), which is widely distributed in Europe and in the north as far as 58° N lat. and prefers the plains regions; (2) the B. variegata, which is found in Europe and in the east as far as Transcarpathia and Moldavia and prefers uplands; (3) the B. orientalis, which lives in the Far East, Korea, and North China; and (4) the B. maxima, which is found in the mountains of Yunnan (China). The body of the first three species measures up to 52 mm long and that of the fourth species, up to 68 mm long. The Bombina spends most of the day in water, emerging on land only at twilight. If it somehow is caught on land, it arches its legs over its back (unken reflex) showing the bright color of the underside (warning color). When irritated, the Bombina skin secretes a poisonous foamy substance.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bombina variegata lives in upland terrain where it reproduces in temporary puddles.
'We don't want that what happened to Jonathan to be repeated,' Bombina said.
In this context, we aim to determine intersexual differences in body size and shape of traits related to locomotion and existence of common pattern of sexual dimorphism in nine anuran species: Hyla arborea, Bombina variegata, Bufotes viridis, Rana temporaria, R.
Ecological and developmental context of natural selection: maternal effects and thermally induced plasticity in the frog Bombina orientalis.
Scheele BC, Boyd CE Fischer J, Fletcher AW, Hanspach J, Fletcher AW, Hanspach J and Hartel T (2014a) Identifying core habitat before it's too late: the case of Bombina variegata, an internationally endangered amphibian.
The genetic structure of the hybrid zone between the fre-bellied toads Bombina bombina and B.
Kaplan (1987) demonstrated that female Bombina orientalis possess plasticity and can produce eggs of different sizes and numbers when exposed during their Ptellogenesis to different temperature and food availability conditions.
Maternal effects on offspring growth and development depend on environmental quality in the frog Bombina orientalis.
Identification and molecular cloning of a novel neuromedin U analog from the skin secretions of toad Bombina maxima.
Marchese was born in Acri, province of Cosenza, Italy, one of six children of Francesco and Bombina (Altomare) Marchese.
Breeding phenology and spatio-temporal dynamics of pond uses by the yellow-bellied toad (Bombina variegata) population: the importance of pond availability and duration.