Bombing


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.

bombing

[′bäm·iŋ]
(ordnance)
The action of dropping bombs from an aircraft with the purpose of hitting a target.

Bombing

 

one of the main forms of military aviation activity, which involves striking various targets with aerial bombs dropped from aircraft and airborne devices. The theory of bombing is based on the ballistics of aerial bombs, the theory of aiming, and the theory of effectiveness and precision bombing. Bombing was carried out for the first time in Russia in 1911 in maneuvers of the St. Petersburg, Warsaw, and Kiev military districts. The first use of bombing in a combat situation dates back to the Italo-Turkish War of 1911–12. At the beginning of World War I (1914–1918) bombing was episodic in character, but in 1916 it began to be used on a comparatively wide scale by the major belligerents. During World War I, Russian military aviation was armed with Il’ia Muromets ships (heavy bombers), which were equipped with aiming devices for bombing (bomb sights developed by Tolmachev, Stechkin, Ivanov, Naumov, and others). In World War II (1939–45) bombing was used on a large scale in the land and sea theaters of operations both on frontline targets as well as on administrative-political and economic objectives. The theoretical principles of bombing were expounded for the first time in the works of N. E. Zhukovskii (1915–16). Of great importance for the future development of bombing were the works of other Soviet scientists, for example, the elaboration of bomb ballistics by D. A. Ventsel’, the elaboration of the theory of bombardment by A. I. Ar-buzov, research into precision bombing by N. G. Bruevich, and others.

Bombing is carried out from level flight (Figure 1), in a dive and on coming out of a dive, and from a pitch-up. When bombing from a pitch-up, the bombs can be dropped at pitch-up angles λ that are either smaller or greater than 90*. The greatest precision is achieved when bombing from a dive and on coming out of a dive. When bombing from a pitch-up, the target approach and the target withdrawal take place at a low altitude, which hampers the activities of antiaircraft defenses. By the time the dropped bomb explodes, the plane has had time to retreat to a safe distance even when bombs with powerful charges were used.

Depending on the altitude H, the flight velocity V of the plane, and the bombing methods, the distance L from the

Figure 1. Bombing (A) from level flight, (B) in a dive (a) and on coming out of a dive (b), and (C) from a pitch-up

(λ = angle of trail)

point where the bomb is dropped to the target can vary from dozens of meters to dozens of kilometers.

B. A. BAKHAREV

References in periodicals archive ?
The names of those charged cropped up at the course of the investigation after the July 31 car bombing near a military detachment in Lamitan City.
Cirilito Sobejana, the newly installed commander of the 6th ID, thanked the civilian tipster of the averted bombing, which happened before the kick off of the Department of Education's Brigada Eskwela.
Hours before the fourth bombing, Manley made a public request for the perpetrator to reach out to police and explain the "message" of the attacks.
Hijaziyah Hamid al-Helou, 80, succumbed to wounds sustained in the bombing of her home in Gaza City on Saturday night.
Mohammad Ayman Ashour, 15, died in the same bombing.
Bernstein contends that it is appropriate to judge and condemn bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki from today's moral standards.
The question resurfaced in Russell's mind in 1992, when a visit to Dresden by the Queen failed to satisfy the desire of some Germans for a statement of regret by Britain for the bombing. At the same time, a controversy arose over the decision to erect a statue to 'Bomber' Harris near Britain's Ministry of Defence in London.
Finally, the bombing of Iran, unless total, would neither dislodge the fundamentalists from power nor end their nuclear ambitions.
sanctuary is Luis Posada Carriles, an anti-Castro Cuban wanted in Venezuela for the 1976 bombing of a Cuban airliner that killed 73 people.
"The bombings do not dramatically change the picture of our coverage."
Truman considered several ways to convince Japan to quit the war: 1) intensifying the already heavy bombing of Japanese cities; 2) waiting for the Soviet Union, an ally in defeating Germany, to join the war against Japan; 3) allowing Japan's emperor, Hirohito, to remain on his throne; and 4) invading Japan.
The triple-suicide bombing carried out by Hamas on September 4, 1997, on the Ben-Yehuda pedestrian mall in Jerusalem can demonstrate a parallel device attack.