Bonch-Osmolovskii, Gleb

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bonch-Osmolovskii, Gleb Anatol’evich


Born Oct. 22 (Nov. 3), 1890, in the village of Blon, in present-day Pukhovichi Raion, Minsk Oblast; died Nov. 1, 1943, in Kazan. Soviet anthropologist and archaeologist.

In 1924, in the Kiik-Koba cave (Crimea), Bonch-Osmolovskii was the first to discover remains of Neanderthal man in the USSR. Bonch-Osmolovskii’s works were very important for proving the successive cultural and physical interrelationship in man in the early Paleolithic era. He advanced the idea that the transition of man’s ancestors from an arboreal to a terrestrial way of life long preceded the transformation of ape into man.


“Itogi izucheniia krymskogo paleolita.” Tr. Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii Assotsiiatsii po izucheniiu chetvertichnogo perioda Evropy, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1934.
Kist’ iskopaemogo cheloveka iz grota Kiik-Koba. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.