Dietrich Bonhoeffer

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Dietrich Bonhoeffer
BirthplaceBreslau, Silesia Province, Prussia
EducationDoctorate in theology

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich

(dē`trĭkh bôn`höfər), 1906–45, German Protestant theologian. Bonhoeffer, influenced early by the thinking of the young Karl BarthBarth, Karl
, 1886–1968, Swiss Protestant theologian, one of the leading thinkers of 20th-century Protestantism. He helped to found the Confessing Church and his thinking formed the theological framework for the Barmen Declaration.
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, urged a conformation to the form of Jesus as the suffering servant in a total commitment of the self to the lives of others. His ethical thinking led him to become an outspoken leader in the breakaway Confessing Church in Germany that openly declared its theological oppositon to Nazism in the Barmen Declaration of 1934. After the state cracked down on the church, Bonhoeffer continued his ministry underground and eventually became involved in the plot to assassinate Hitler; he was imprisoned for two years and hanged for his role in the plot. His writings, which have had considerable influence on postwar ethics and theology, include The Cost of Discipleship (tr. 1948), Prisoner for God: Letters and Papers from Prison (tr. 1953), and Ethics (tr. 1965).


See M. F. Marty, Dietrich Bonhoeffer's Letters and Papers from Prison: A Biography (2011); biographies by A. Dumas (1971), E. Bethge (rev. tr. 1999), E. Metaxas (2010), and C. Marsh (2014); studies by L. Rasmussen (1989), R. Wind (1992), and E. Sifton and F. Stern (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
5) See Adolf Bonhoffer, Epictet und die Stoa: Untersuchungen zur stoischen Philosophie (Stuttgart: Ferdinand Ende Verlag, 1890), 187-222.
Those not seduced may be imprisoned or killed--Dietrich Bonhoffer, Martin Luther King, Jr.
Contributors to Christianity and Crisis reflected a veritable who's who of leading Christian theologians, ranging from Karl Barth to Hans Kung, from Dietrich Bonhoffer to Gustavo Gutierrez.
Dietrich Bonhoffer, who became an active member of the German opposition against Hitler.
Everybody could read the Bible for themselves (though few would read it, as Bonhoffer later exhorted, `against themselves').
Surely, the writings of Karl Barth, Dietrich Bonhoffer, Hans Kung, Alasdair Macintyre, Reinhold Neibuhr Paul Ricoeur and Paul Tillich should inform anthropological ideas and students of religion on how traditional and missionaries' encounters are conceptualized on the intellectual plane.
In this context and in this conversation, we should constantly have in mind what Dietrich Bonhoffer, in a note surreptitiously preserved by his friend Eberhard Bethge, wrote from prison: "We have for once learnt to see the great events of world history from below, from the perspective of the outcast, the suspects, the maltreated, the powerless, the oppressed, the reviled--in short, from the perspective of those who suffer.
BONHOFFER, <<Christus die Wirklichkeit und das Gute>>, en Ethik, C.
They also helped German composer Uwe Steinmetz in the premiere of his highly original composition based on the poems of German theologian and martyr Dietrich Bonhoffer.