Dietrich Bonhoeffer

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Dietrich Bonhoeffer
BirthplaceBreslau, Silesia Province, Prussia
EducationDoctorate in theology

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich

(dē`trĭkh bôn`höfər), 1906–45, German Protestant theologian. Bonhoeffer, influenced early by the thinking of the young Karl BarthBarth, Karl
, 1886–1968, Swiss Protestant theologian, one of the leading thinkers of 20th-century Protestantism. He helped to found the Confessing Church and his thinking formed the theological framework for the Barmen Declaration.
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, urged a conformation to the form of Jesus as the suffering servant in a total commitment of the self to the lives of others. His ethical thinking led him to become an outspoken leader in the breakaway Confessing Church in Germany that openly declared its theological oppositon to Nazism in the Barmen Declaration of 1934. After the state cracked down on the church, Bonhoeffer continued his ministry underground and eventually became involved in the plot to assassinate Hitler; he was imprisoned for two years and hanged for his role in the plot. His writings, which have had considerable influence on postwar ethics and theology, include The Cost of Discipleship (tr. 1948), Prisoner for God: Letters and Papers from Prison (tr. 1953), and Ethics (tr. 1965).


See M. F. Marty, Dietrich Bonhoeffer's Letters and Papers from Prison: A Biography (2011); biographies by A. Dumas (1971), E. Bethge (rev. tr. 1999), E. Metaxas (2010), and C. Marsh (2014); studies by L. Rasmussen (1989), R. Wind (1992), and E. Sifton and F. Stern (2014).

References in periodicals archive ?
5) See Adolf Bonhoffer, Epictet und die Stoa: Untersuchungen zur stoischen Philosophie (Stuttgart: Ferdinand Ende Verlag, 1890), 187-222.
Contributors to Christianity and Crisis reflected a veritable who's who of leading Christian theologians, ranging from Karl Barth to Hans Kung, from Dietrich Bonhoffer to Gustavo Gutierrez.
Surely, the writings of Karl Barth, Dietrich Bonhoffer, Hans Kung, Alasdair Macintyre, Reinhold Neibuhr Paul Ricoeur and Paul Tillich should inform anthropological ideas and students of religion on how traditional and missionaries' encounters are conceptualized on the intellectual plane.
They also helped German composer Uwe Steinmetz in the premiere of his highly original composition based on the poems of German theologian and martyr Dietrich Bonhoffer.