Bonifacio (bōnēfä`chö), town (1993 est. pop. 2,701), S Corsica, France. A picturesque port with trade in olive oil, wine, and fish, Bonifacio faces Sardinia across the Strait of Bonifacio (7 mi/11.3 km wide). The oldest town of Corsica, it was founded (c.828) on the site of a citadel built by Boniface I, count of Tuscany. It later passed to Pisa and to Genoa. There is a Pisan-style church (12th–13th cent.). The town, surrounded by a rampart, is medieval in character.