Andrés Bonifacio

(redirected from Bonifacio Day)
Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro
Birthday
BirthplaceTondo, Manila, Spanish East Indies (Philippine Islands)
Died
NationalityFilipino
Known for Philippine Revolution

Bonifacio, Andres

 

Born Nov. 29,1863, in Manila; died May 10, 1897, on Tala Hill, Cavite, on the island of Luzon. Leader of the national liberation movement in the Philippines.

Bonifacio came from the urban poor. His views were greatly influenced by the patriotic works of J. Rizal and by works on the Great French Revolution. In 1892 he joined the Filipino League, which advocated a peaceful movement for social reform. The same year he founded Katipunan, a secret revolutionary alliance which stood for the interests of wide sections of the population, above all the peasantry. He composed one of the documents on the program of the alliance— The Ten Commandments of the Sons of the People. In August 1896 at his call and under his leadership an armed uprising began against Spanish rule. The bourgeois landowner circles headed by E. Aguinaldo, which joined the uprising, endeavored to seize power and falsely accused Bonifacio of conspiracy. He was sentenced to death by firing squad, but Aguinaldo, fearing he might be answerable to the people for executing a popular leader, commuted the sentence to banishment. However, he subsequently changed his mind, and Bonifacio was secretly shot.

REFERENCES

Guber, A. A. Filippinskaia respublika, 1898 g. i amerikanskii imperializm, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Agoncillo, T. A. The Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan. Quezon City, 1956.

G. N. LEVINSON

References in periodicals archive ?
29, CFA member Rodrigo Timoteo was shot dead by unidentified gunmen outside his house in Sitio Mambusao in Ngan village, Compostela, while he was preparing to join a protest rally on Bonifacio Day.
After the AFP proved to be uncooperative in supporting the Bonifacio Day putsch of his Ka-DDS supporters, Duterte kicked off an AFP-wooing campaign by declaring his former NPA benefactors "terrorists".
The Philippines, in particular, celebrates heroism in a continuous passion all year round with at least three holidays-National Heroes Day, Bonifacio Day, and Rizal Day.
The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) has reminded private employers to observe proper pay rules on November 30, Bonifacio Day, a regular holiday.
Regular holidays are New Years Day (January 1), Maundy Thursday (March 29), Good Friday (March 30), Araw ng Kagitingan (April 9), Labor Day (May 1), Independence Day (June 12), National Heroes Day (August 27), Bonifacio Day (November 30), Christmas Day (December 25), and Rizal Day (December 30).
Last Thursday, which also happened to be Bonifacio Day - a regular holiday - Duterte supporters assembled in Mendiola, Manila, urging him to declare a revolutionary government.
As we celebrate Bonifacio Day, Bulletin Entertainment recalls notable plays about the legendary revolutionary leader:
Robredo was attending the Bonifacio Day celebration in Caloocan City, where Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana represented the President who skipped the event to tend to the Mindanao conflict.
We have 11 official holidays, plus one thrown in: New Year's Day (Jan 1; Jan 2 is thrown in as bonus); ESDA (Feb 26), Fall of Bataan (April 9), Labor Day (May 1), June 12 (Independence Day, Ninoy Aquino Day (Aug 21), National Heroes' Day (Aug 31), Bonifacio Day (Nov 30), Rizal Day (Dec 30), and New Year's Eve (Dec 31).
Duterte on Thursday skipped the annual Bonifacio Day ceremonial rites in Caloocan City to go to an undisclosed location Mindanao.
After National Flag Day and Philippine Independence Day, the flag is displayed during National Heroes Day in August, Bonifacio Day on November 30, and Rizal Day on December 30.
Words, food, for thought about our nation, especially yesterday being Bonifacio Day.