Bonin Islands

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Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
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Patchy habitat arrangement is actually not a bad thing and it can actually promote diversity," ABC science quoted lead author of the study, marine ecologist Dr Mary Bonin, of ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and James Cook University, as saying.
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com)-- Jeremy Bonin, lead architect and principal partner of Bonin Architects, New London, New Hampshire, was named as one of New Hampshire Union Leader's "40 Under Forty", an annual honors program that highlights some of the state's best, brightest, and youngest individuals.
We do a fair bit of work with First Nations groups," said Aurora Bonin, western Canada's regional manager of the TD Friends of the Environment Foundation, an initiative created by the TD Bank Financial Group to support community-based projects.
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In the main event, European cruiser champion David Haye made an explosive entry into the heavyweight division, flooring tough Pole Tomasz Bonin three times to end matters after 105 seconds of the first round.