Bonin Islands


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Related to Bonin Islands: Ryukyu Islands, Iwo Jima

Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bonin Island chain, where both Niijima and Nishino-shima are situated comprises of 30 small islands, all of which were formed by the outburst of an ancient underwater volcano.
No Date GMT+8 Latitude N Longitude E Magnitude Depth Km [degrees] [degrees] Ms 1 2008-03-21 35.6 81.6 7.3 33 2 2008-05-12 31.0 103.4 8.0 33 3 2010-04-14 33.1 96.7 7.1 14 4 2011-03-24 20.8 99.8 7.2 20 5 2009-08-11 14.1 92.9 7.5 33 6 2010-06-13 7.7 91.9 7.6 35 7 2010-12-22 27.1 143.3 7.4 14 8 2011-03-09 38.3 142.6 9.0 20 No Location Source * 1 Yutian, China CSIN 2 Wenchuan, China CSIN 3 Yushu, China CSIN 4 Myanmar CSIN 5 Andaman Islands, India CSIN 6 Nicobar Islands, India CSIN 7 Bonin Islands, Japan CSIN 8 Northeast Honshu, Japan CSIN * Seismic parameters derived from the China Seismic Information Network (CSIN).
The murder, which Van Buskirk alluded, also appeared The History of the Bonin Islands, by Cholmondeley in The History of the Bonin Islands from the Year 1827, later written in 1915 (Burg 2005: 20)
Ogasawara-mura includes several clusters of islands having a total land area of about 100 square kilometers, with the "traditional" Ogasawaras--often called the Bonin Islands in English--forming the largest group.
Nov 16 Corvina Truk Islands, Carolines Nov 19 Sculpin Truk (north of) Nov 23 Capelin Celebes, Indonesia 1944 Jan 5 Scorpion Yellow Sea Feb 27 Grayback East China Sea Feb 29 Trout Bonin Islands Mar 26 Tullibee Palau, Carolines Apr 7 Gudgeon Marianas Jun 1 Herring Kurile Islands Jun 14 Golet Off N.
The species has a very broad tropical distribution from East Africa to Hawaii, the Line, Marquesan, and Pitcairn Islands; north to the Ryuku and Bonin Islands; south to New Caledonia and Rapa; throughout Micronesia and the Indonesian archipelago (10).
In mid-September 1921, when Japan was preparing to attend the conference in Washington, the cable from Tokyo to the Bonin Islands - a part of Japan's trans-Pacific linkage - was cut just near the Bonin Islands.
(A coral bed is reportedly fully exploited in 4-5 years.) Alternately, some Association vessels have been harvesting red and pink corals near the Bonin Islands off Tokyo.
During a mission in 1944, his plane was shot down near the Bonin Islands and he survived afloat for 18 hours before being rescued.
James Bradley, author of Flags of Our Fathers, seeks to interview WW II Pacific theater officer and enlisted airmen from: VB-1, Yorktown (CV 10), or anyone who knew Lloyd Woellhof; VT-82 and VMF-123, Bennington (CV 20), or anyone who knew James Dye, Grady York, Warren Vaughn; VT12, Randolph (CV 15), or anyone who knew Floyd Hall, Marve Mershon, Glenn Frazier; and/or any carrier personnel who flew strikes against Iwo Jima or the Bonin Islands. Please contact Mr.
That was the day the Grumman TBM-1C Avenger Torpedo Bomber he was in was shot down near the Bonin Islands in the Pacific Ocean by a Japanese destroyer it had torpedoed after taking off from the aircraft carrier USS Hornet.