Bonin Islands


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Related to Bonin Islands: Ryukyu Islands, Iwo Jima

Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
The murder, which Van Buskirk alluded, also appeared The History of the Bonin Islands, by Cholmondeley in The History of the Bonin Islands from the Year 1827, later written in 1915 (Burg 2005: 20)
James Bradley, author of Flags of Our Fathers, seeks to interview WW II Pacific theater officer and enlisted airmen from: VB-1, Yorktown (CV 10), or anyone who knew Lloyd Woellhof; VT-82 and VMF-123, Bennington (CV 20), or anyone who knew James Dye, Grady York, Warren Vaughn; VT12, Randolph (CV 15), or anyone who knew Floyd Hall, Marve Mershon, Glenn Frazier; and/or any carrier personnel who flew strikes against Iwo Jima or the Bonin Islands.
Nov 16 Corvina Truk Islands, Carolines Nov 19 Sculpin Truk (north of) Nov 23 Capelin Celebes, Indonesia 1944 Jan 5 Scorpion Yellow Sea Feb 27 Grayback East China Sea Feb 29 Trout Bonin Islands Mar 26 Tullibee Palau, Carolines Apr 7 Gudgeon Marianas Jun 1 Herring Kurile Islands Jun 14 Golet Off N.
In mid-September 1921, when Japan was preparing to attend the conference in Washington, the cable from Tokyo to the Bonin Islands - a part of Japan's trans-Pacific linkage - was cut just near the Bonin Islands.
Swarms of these dikes are exposed in the Bonin Islands, and one lava type from this environment, boninite, was named for the islands.
Alternately, some Association vessels have been harvesting red and pink corals near the Bonin Islands off Tokyo.
During a mission in 1944, his plane was shot down near the Bonin Islands and he survived afloat for 18 hours before being rescued.