Bonin Islands

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Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
Were now located in the same building as Councilmember Bonin and Supervisor Kuehl, which means our neighbors can engage with local officials efficiently.
Archaeological remains found in the Bonins and in the Volcano Islands have shown that an ancient Oceanic race once inhabited some of these islands.
Word of these islands leaked out to Europe through the tiny Dutch trading enclave at Nagasaki, and by the early 19th century, American and European vessels had landed in the Bonins. Whaling ships began to call at the islands for fresh water and to lay in rich larder from the astronomical numbers of birds and sea turtles found there.
The same Spanish explorer who sighted the Bonins apparently landed here in 1543.
''We said in a classified exchange that we expected that the Japanese would understand if we had to use the Bonins (Ogasawara Islands) for nuclear operations in a crisis.
government's moves to let Japan allow nuclear storage in Okinawa during crises after the island's reversion in line with the secret accord struck over the Ogasawara Islands, as it said a proposed scenario on Okinawa is ''similar to what was worked out for the Bonins.''