Bonin Islands

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Bonin Islands

(bō`nīn), Jap. Ogasawara-gunto, volcanic island group, c.40 sq mi (100 sq km), in the W Pacific Ocean, c.500 mi (800 km) S of Tokyo; part of Tokyo prefecture, Japan. The largest and principal island is Chichi (formerly Peel Island), c.10 sq mi (30 sq km), the site of Omura, the capital of the group, and Futami-ko (Port Lloyd), the chief harbor. The principal products are timber and fruit, such as bananas and pineapples. The majority of the inhabitants are Japanese; there are some Koreans and Taiwanese. The islands were claimed by Japan from the British in 1875 and placed under the Tokyo prefecture in 1880. In World War II the islands formed a major Japanese military stronghold until they were occupied by the U.S. navy in 1945. The islands were administered by the U.S. military until 1968, when they were returned to Japan.

Bonin Islands

 

or Ogasawara, a volcanic archipelago of 89 small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The islands extend 150 km along 142° 10’ E long, between 26° 30’ and 27° 44’N lat. The islands belong to Japan, but after World War II they were occupied by the United States. According to an agreement of Apr. 5, 1968, the islands were returned to Japan. The area of the islands is about 70 sq km and the population about 8,000. The terrain is mountainous, with peaks of extinct volcanoes up to 390 m in altitude. The climate is tropical and humid. The vegetation is tropical, and sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and coconut palms are raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
Word of these islands leaked out to Europe through the tiny Dutch trading enclave at Nagasaki, and by the early 19th century, American and European vessels had landed in the Bonins.
The same Spanish explorer who sighted the Bonins apparently landed here in 1543.
It is a certainty that something will eventually be built, but what happens once easier access is established: Over 90% of the Bonins are bona fide National Park territory, but that fact seems to be infinitely malleable: The original large-scale airport project for Anijima was proposed even though the whole island is within those National Park boundaries.
Ogasawara-mura includes several clusters of islands having a total land area of about 100 square kilometers, with the "traditional" Ogasawaras--often called the Bonin Islands in English--forming the largest group.
IT'S a shake-your-head kind of story: Serial killer William Bonin was able to bilk the Social Security system for $50,000 during his 14 years on Death Row.
Bonin, who had been receiving monthly mental disability checks, should have stopped receiving payments after he went to prison in 1982.
The checks were being sent directly to a joint account Bonin shared with his mother.