Bonnie Prince Charlie


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Stuart, Charles Edward

Stuart or Stewart, Charles Edward, 1720–88, claimant to the British throne, b. Rome. First son of James Francis Edward Stuart (the Old Pretender), he was known as Bonnie Prince Charlie and as the Young Pretender. When the failures and irregular life of the Old Pretender had alienated his followers, Charles Edward, a charming young man, magnanimous and brave, became the hope of the Jacobites. He led them in the rising of 1745, but all his enthusiasm could not avert the defeat at Culloden Moor in 1746. Charles fled to a Highland refuge, then escaped abroad with the aid of Flora Macdonald. He was expelled from France after the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) and roamed about Europe, a broken drunkard. After his father's death (1766) he lived in Rome as the self-styled count of Albany and in 1772 married Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern (see Albany, Louisa, countess of). They separated in 1780, and Charles Edward was attended in his later years by his illegitimate daughter, Charlotte. He died in Rome. There is much English and Scottish poetry and romantic literature about Bonnie Prince Charlie.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. McLaren (1972), D. Daiches (1973), M. Forster (1974), and F. McLynn (1988); see also bibliography under Jacobites.

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Bonnie Prince Charlie

See (Charles Edward) Stuart
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Top lots included a gold mounted ring enclosing a lock of the prince's hair that sold for PS11,250 and a hidden portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie in a snuff box that made PS9,375.
Bonnie Prince Charlie is said to have spent a night there in 1745 and Rob Roy MacGregor reputedly frequented the castle to play cards with the Laird of Feddal.
On April 16, 1746, Bonnie Prince Charlie's Jacobite forces were crushed by the Duke of Cumberland's government troops, with more than 1200 of the Young Pretender's men killed.
The site where Bonnie Prince Charlie came ashore on 19 August 1745 and raised the Stuart standard, beginning the final Jacobite Rising which would end at Culloden
BONNIE Prince Charlie was a wife-beater who drank six bottles of wine a day and fell asleep during sex.
THE only portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie painted in Britain has been rediscovered after 250 years.
1788: Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Edward Stuart), the Young Pretender, died in Rome.
1746: Fresh from his defeat at Culloden, Prince Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silvester Severino Maria Stuart, better known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, escaped "over the sea to Skye".
To which island did Bonnie Prince Charlie escape in 1746 after his defeat at the Battle of Culloden?
1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie's army retreated to Scotland.
ANSWERS: 1 Wildebeest; 2 Twelve; 3 Cabbage and potato; 4 The One Thousand Guineas and The Oaks; 5 Bonnie Prince Charlie; 6 The Three Sisters; 7 Betty Grable; 8 Russia; 9 Popstars; 10 The case that holds the ship's compass.
September 21, 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie defeated the English at the Battle of Prestonpans in Scotland.