Judith

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Judith

[Heb.,=Jewess], early Jewish book included in the Septuagint, but not included in the Hebrew Bible, and placed in the Apocrypha of Protestant Bibles. It recounts an attack on the Jews by an army led by Holofernes, Nebuchadnezzar's general. Bethulia, a besieged Jewish city, is about to surrender when Judith, a Jewish widow of great beauty and piety, takes it upon herself to enter the enemy camp. She gains the favor of Holofernes, who seeks an opportunity to seduce her. Judith beheads him while he is drunk. Judith returns to the city with his head, and the Jews rout the enemy. The story depicts Judith as an example for godly Jews when God's commitment to saving his people is mocked. Texts of Judith exist in several ancient languages. The book might be based on a folk-tale and was probably composed in Palestine during the Hasmonean period (c.160–37 B.C.). The identification of Nebuchadnezzar as king of Assyria (he was king of Babylon) may indicate that the book is not intended as literal history. However, there are historical analogies for the invasion, especially that of Antiochus IVAntiochus IV
(Antiochus Epiphanes) , d. 163 B.C., king of Syria (175 B.C.–163 B.C.), son of Antiochus III and successor of his brother Seleucus IV. His nephew (later Demetrius I) was held as a hostage in Rome, although still claiming the throne.
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. Another Judith, a wife of Esau, is named in the Book of Genesis.

Bibliography

See C. A. Moore, Judith (1985). See also bibliography under ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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Judith

saved her city from the onslaught of Holofernes by beheading him during a drunken sleep. [Apocrypha: Judith 13:4-10]
See: Heroism

Judith

1. the heroine of one of the books of the Apocrypha, who saved her native town by decapitating Holofernes
2. the book recounting this episode
References in periodicals archive ?
In its treatment of history, the original book of Judith emphasizes the power and will of God; by including an additional emphasis on individual greatness, La Judit demonstrates that God's narrative is married to dynastic history and to the deeds of great individuals--a narrative that can easily extend to the woman who commanded the poem.
In the original Book of Judith, like Esther and Susanna, Judith belongs only tangentially to the genealogy of other biblical heroes, and, in this way, her actions are cut off from the larger biblical narrative.
It has been noted that the "anti-patriarchal and iconoclastic implications" of the Book of Judith invited Protestants to use the tale when criticizing the international authority established by the papacy.
Peter Hagiwara also remarks on Du Bartas' reliance on the original Book of Judith.
This section begins with an illuminating overview of the translations of the Book of Judith that were in use in the early sixteenth century.
10) In the original Book of Judith, Achior describes the history of the inhabitants of Bethulia, but never once uses the proper name of an historical figure (Judith 5.
The Book of Judith has had a profound and lasting impact upon Western culture.
Their topics include establishing an atmosphere of perpetuity in Jerusalemite Yehud, the purpose of historical discourse in the Book of Judith, and lessons from the study of natural history for reconstructing the history of the earliest Christianity.
Among the topics are analysis of Daniel 9, the Book of Judith, the Prayer of Manasseh, and examples in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Qumran.