Judith

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Judith

[Heb.,=Jewess], early Jewish book included in the Septuagint, but not included in the Hebrew Bible, and placed in the Apocrypha of Protestant Bibles. It recounts an attack on the Jews by an army led by Holofernes, Nebuchadnezzar's general. Bethulia, a besieged Jewish city, is about to surrender when Judith, a Jewish widow of great beauty and piety, takes it upon herself to enter the enemy camp. She gains the favor of Holofernes, who seeks an opportunity to seduce her. Judith beheads him while he is drunk. Judith returns to the city with his head, and the Jews rout the enemy. The story depicts Judith as an example for godly Jews when God's commitment to saving his people is mocked. Texts of Judith exist in several ancient languages. The book might be based on a folk-tale and was probably composed in Palestine during the Hasmonean period (c.160–37 B.C.). The identification of Nebuchadnezzar as king of Assyria (he was king of Babylon) may indicate that the book is not intended as literal history. However, there are historical analogies for the invasion, especially that of Antiochus IVAntiochus IV
(Antiochus Epiphanes) , d. 163 B.C., king of Syria (175 B.C.–163 B.C.), son of Antiochus III and successor of his brother Seleucus IV. His nephew (later Demetrius I) was held as a hostage in Rome, although still claiming the throne.
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. Another Judith, a wife of Esau, is named in the Book of Genesis.

Bibliography

See C. A. Moore, Judith (1985). See also bibliography under ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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.

Judith

saved her city from the onslaught of Holofernes by beheading him during a drunken sleep. [Apocrypha: Judith 13:4-10]
See: Heroism

Judith

1. the heroine of one of the books of the Apocrypha, who saved her native town by decapitating Holofernes
2. the book recounting this episode
References in periodicals archive ?
(J 2.293-300) Of course, such genealogies are an integral part of the Old Testament, but here, the emphasis on the individual and the military, uncharacteristic of the original Book of Judith, bears a striking resemblance to the epic catalogs present in both the Aeneid and, to cite a contemporary example, Ronsard's La Franciade.
It has been noted that the "anti-patriarchal and iconoclastic implications" of the Book of Judith invited Protestants to use the tale when criticizing the international authority established by the papacy.
This section begins with an illuminating overview of the translations of the Book of Judith that were in use in the early sixteenth century.
(10) In the original Book of Judith, Achior describes the history of the inhabitants of Bethulia, but never once uses the proper name of an historical figure (Judith 5.5-18).
The Book of Judith has had a profound and lasting impact upon Western culture."
There are articles on the Apocrypha by van der Ploeg (the Syriac text of the Book of Judith) and Hilhorst (I Esdras 4: 34-41), as well as on the Scrolls (by P.
Other highlights of the event include A Festival of Choirs at Sefton Park Palm House, the UK premiere of Toronto playwright Michael Rubenfeld's experimental musical The Book of Judith, and the chance to see artist Tanya Raabe create a live portrait of disability actor and writer Nabil Shaban.
Their topics include establishing an atmosphere of perpetuity in Jerusalemite Yehud, the purpose of historical discourse in the Book of Judith, and lessons from the study of natural history for reconstructing the history of the earliest Christianity.
THE Book of Judith tells of an Israelite town besieged by the Assyrian army who cut off the town's water supply.
Among the topics are analysis of Daniel 9, the Book of Judith, the Prayer of Manasseh, and examples in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Qumran.