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Boothia Peninsula(bo͞o`thēə), 12,483 sq mi (32,331 sq km), Nunavut Territory, Canada; the northernmost (71°58'N) tip of the North American mainland. It is almost an island, being connected with the mainland only by the narrow Isthmus of Boothia. Topographically and in climate it is like the islands of the Arctic ArchipelagoArctic Archipelago
, group of more than 50 large islands, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, N Canada, in the Arctic Ocean. The southernmost members of the group include Baffin (the archipelago's largest island), Victoria, Banks, Prince of Wales, and Somerset islands; N of
..... Click the link for more information. . A narrow strait separates it in the north from Somerset Island. To the east the Gulf of Boothia separates it from Baffin Island. It is virtually uninhabited except for a few hundred settlers at Spence Bay and Thom Bay. The peninsula was discovered and explored (1829–33) by John RossRoss, Sir John,
1777–1856, British arctic explorer and rear admiral. In 1818 he went in search of the Northwest Passage but turned back after exploring Baffin Bay.
..... Click the link for more information. , the British explorer, and named for a patron of the expedition, Sir Felix Booth. Near the southwest end the expedition of Sir John FranklinFranklin, Sir John,
1786–1847, British explorer in N Canada whose disappearance caused a widespread search of the Arctic. Entering the navy in 1801, he fought in the battle of Trafalgar.
..... Click the link for more information. , the British explorer, ended in tragedy. Roald AmundsenAmundsen, Roald
(Roald Engelbregt Grauning Amundsen) , 1872–1928, Norwegian polar explorer; the first person to reach the South Pole. He served (1897–99) as first mate on the Belgica
..... Click the link for more information. , a Norwegian, explored the peninsula in 1903–5.
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a peninsula of N Canada: the northernmost part of the mainland of North America, lying west of the Gulf of Boothia, an arm of the Arctic Ocean
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005