Curzon Line

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Curzon Line


conventional name for a line passing through Grodno - Yalovka - Nemiroff- Brest-Litovsk - Dorogusk - Ustilug, east of Grubeshov, through Krylov, and then west of Rava Ruska and east of Przemysl to the Carpathians. It was recommended in December 1919 by the Supreme Council of the Entente as the eastern boundary of Poland.

On July 10, 1920, at the Spa Conference the representatives of Poland, seeing that Poland’s war of aggression against Soviet Russia was not going well for Poland, agreed to accept the line in order to ensure help from the Western powers; the line essentially corresponded to the ethnographic principle. In a note directed to the Soviet government, the British foreign secretary G. Curzon demanded that the Red Army stop its advance at this line (which came to be known as the Curzon Line). The Soviet government declared that if Poland would contact it directly with a proposal to open peace negotiations, it would even agree to some modification of the Curzon Line in favor of Poland. But the Polish government, taking advantage of the changed situation at the front, reneged on its own pledges and, in the Treaty of Riga of 1921, imposed on the Soviet state a boundary running far east of the Curzon Line, thus seizing the western part of the Ukraine and Byelorussia.

In September 1939, when the attack of fascist Germany put an end to the independence of Poland, the Soviet Union, anticipating the seizure of the western part of the Ukraine and Byelorussia by Germany and restoring historical justice with respect to these lands, took them under its protection. The state boundary of the USSR established in 1939 ran somewhat west of the Curzon Line in a number of places. On Jan. 11, 1944, the Soviet government announced its readiness to accept the Curzon Line as the basis for the Soviet-Polish postwar boundary. The Crimean (Yalta) Conference of 1945 decided, upon the proposal of the USSR, that the eastern frontier of Poland should run along the Curzon Line with deviations in some areas in favor of Poland. On Aug. 16, 1945, a treaty was signed in Moscow between the USSR and people’s democratic Poland on the definitive settlement of the Soviet-Polish frontier. (It basically corresponded to the Curzon Line.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Border security was again discussed during Gen Bajwa's visit to Tehran where he assured the Iranian government that Pak-Iran border would remain border of peace and friendship.
Asif said that Pakistan and Iran were two brotherly neighbouring countries with centuries-old ties and that around 1,000 kilometres long border between them was the border of peace and friendship and offers immense opportunities for profitable trade and economic exchanges between the people living on both sides of the border.
With the passage of time, the Quetta-Zahedan Section of British Railways lost importance as the region become a border of peace and not war.
They include Rodolfo Clemente Marco Torres the former Minister of Food, Francisco Jose Rangel Gomez, a retired Division General for the Bolivarian National Guard, Fabio Enrique Zavarse Pabon, the State Minister for the New Border of Peace, and Gerardo Jose Izquierdo Torres, Major General of the Venezuelan Army.
He said though 980-kilometre-long Pak-Iran border was the safer than other borders of Pakistan and termed it a border of peace and brotherhood.
He said we intend to make border between Pakistan and Iran the border of peace and friendship.
The Cambodian Parliament backs the implementation of the agreement on border demarcation and marker planting between the two Governments, Heng Samrin said, adding that he hopes the planting of border markers will be completed early, contributing to building a border of peace and friendship, facilitating the development of the friendship and comprehensive cooperative ties between the two countries.
Iran-Turkey border has always been a border of peace, and it will continue to be so, he added.
For us, it is still a border of peace," he said, pointing to the carcass of a bus which was strafed with gunfire during the August 18 attacks, a series of coordinated ambushes by gunmen who attacked route 12 in the Netafim area, some 20 km north of Eilat.
We will stop when Hizbullah disarms itself and the [Israel-Lebanon] border is a border of peace.