Amadeo Bordiga

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Bordiga, Amadeo

 

Born 1889; died July 25, 1970. Italian political figure.

Bordiga, an engineer by profession, joined the socialist movement in 1910. During World War I he was one of the leaders of the revolutionary (“uncompromising”) wing of the Socialist Party, which demanded the exclusion from the party of reformists who wanted collaboration with the bourgeoisie. After the war he maintained this position and became the leader of the abstentionists, who rejected legal forms of the working-class struggle. His views as leader of the abstentionists were repeatedly criticized by Lenin (“De-tskaia bolezn’ ‘levizny’ v Kommunizme” and the address to the second congress of the Comintern, in Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41, pp. 49–50 [note], 98–99, 255, 256, 258). Actively supporting separateness from the reformists, Bordiga became a leader of the Communist Party, founded in 1921 after it broke away from the Socialist Party. During the period when fascism began to advance, he pursued a sectarian policy which reduced the fighting efficiency of the party and threatened to alienate it from the masses. In 1923, Bordiga was actually removed from the leadership of the party, and the third congress of the Communist Party in 1926 condemned his views. In 1930 he was expelled from the party. After World War II he was a left-wing anticommunist publicist, but he failed to gain any political influence.

B. R. LOPUKHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
40) Marx'tan cok sonra 1960'larda Amadeo Bordiga, kapitalist endustrilefme ve cevre faktorleri ile ilgili ilk genis elestirel literaturu olusturmustur.
The perception on the dealers' side is that the market has become stable on last year's numbers," said Mirko Bordiga, Head of Maserati China.
In four of the eight chapters, editor Bordiga quantifies the levels of food industry waste in developed countries, assesses efforts to make wine production more environmentally sustainable, and surveys current regulatory efforts in California, New Zealand, South Africa, Australia, and the European Union.
Negli anni fra il 1921 e la sua espulsione dal partito comunista (1929), Tasca si pose in netto contrasto con la corrente di Amedeo Bordiga e poi dello stesso Togliatti, rifiutandosi di vedere nei sindacati, nei socialisti riformisti, nei democratici la stessa pasta che andava formando 1'esperimento Mussoliniano e poi fascista.
Tal y como hemos venido aprendiendo de los estudios recientes que abordan la dramaturgia femenina de entresiglos (Urzainqui, Catalina Garcia Garrosa, "La creacion literaria femenina"; Palacios Fernandez, La mujer y las letras', "Panorama"; Bordiga Grinstein, "Panorama"), el moderado acercamiento de las mujeres a la escritura teatral ilustrada se canalizo fundamentalmente a traves de la comedia--de costumbres, de enredo o sentimental--, de los generos breves--sainetes, tonadillas, etc.
Thus, for example, the difference in attitude between Bordiga and Gramsci towards the August 1922 general strike, known as the 'legalitarian' strike, was later summed up by Togliatti as: Bordiga waiting for the 'masses' to reach the stage when they would call upon the Party to lead the revolutionary bid for power, and Gramsci accompanying the class through all the intermediate positions leading up to the stage of a bid for power.
110) Only after 1925 did he replace Bordiga as leader of the Italian communist party.
Mirko Bordiga, McLaren Automotive regional director for Asia-Pacific, said, 'We are extremely pleased to announce our latest retail partner in the region, which will bring the McLaren brand to Thailand.
Es en ese contexto politico en que Amadeo Bordiga y Antonio Gramsci abandonaran el XVII Congreso del Partido Socialista (1921) que se celebraba en Venecia convocando a un congreso constituyente del que nacera el Partido Comunista de Italia (seccion de la Internacional Comunista), posteriormente ilegalizado por el regimen fascista en noviembre de 1925, lo que conllevaria, tras la violacion de su inmunidad parlamentaria, el arresto de Gramsci y su encarcelacion inicial en la carcel de Regina Coeli para su posterior traslado al penal milanes de San Vittore.
Entre los viejos comunistas italianos, el astuto Togliatti eligio la complicidad; el testarudo Bordiga, la resistencia.