Borgia


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Borgia

(bōr`jä), Span. Borja (bôr`hä), Spanish-Italian noble family, originally from Aragón. When Alfonso de Borja, cardinal-archbishop of Valencia, was pope as Calixtus III (1455–58), several relatives followed him to Rome. His nephew Rodrigo became pope as Alexander VIAlexander VI,
1431?–1503, pope (1492–1503), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Rodrigo de Borja or, in Italian, Rodrigo Borgia; successor of Innocent VIII. He took Borja as his surname from his mother's brother Alfonso, who was Pope Calixtus III.
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, and Rodrigo's illegitimate children were Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia; the later reputations of these Borgias made the family name a synonym for avarice and treachery. To the Spanish branch of the family belonged St. Francis BorgiaFrancis Borgia, Saint
, 1510–72, Spanish Roman Catholic reformer, third general of the Jesuits (see Jesus, Society of). He was a member of the famous Borgia family, a great-grandson of Pope Alexander VI, and cousin to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
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 and Francisco Borja (1581–1658), a Spanish general and viceroy of Peru. The direct line of the family, whose senior members bore the title duke of Gandia, died out in the 18th cent.

Bibliography

See studies by E. R. Chamberlin (1974) and C. Hibbert (2008).

Borgia

 

(Italian form; Spanish form, Borja), an aristocratic family of Spanish descent (from Aragón), which played a significant role in 15th- and early 16th-century Italian history. The rise of the family began with Alfonso (1378–1458), who became pope under the name of Calistus III (1455–58). His nephew Rodrigo (Pope Alexander VI; 1492–1503) and Rodrigo’s son Cesare (about 1475–1507) attempted, stopping at nothing, to create a big state in central Italy, with Cesare holding absolute power. To this end they arranged marriages for Alexander VI’s daughter Lucrezia (1480–1519) three times for political aims. In 1499, Cesare became the ruler of Romagna. Cesare served as a prototype of the ruler in Machiavelli’s work. After the death of Alexander VI, Cesare’s great plans began to fail, and the Borgia family disappeared from the historical scene.

REFERENCES

Portigliotti, G. I. Borgia. Milan, 1921.
Pepe, G. La politico dei Borgia. Naples, 1946.
Lucas-Dybreton, J. Les Borgia. Paris, 1952.
Brion, M. Le pape et le prince: Les Borgia. Paris, 1953.

Borgia

1. Cesare , son of Rodrigo Borgia (Pope Alexander VI). 1475--1507, Italian cardinal, politician, and military leader; model for Machiavelli's The Prince
2. his sister, Lucrezia , daughter of Rodrigo Borgia. 1480--1519, Italian noblewoman. After her third marriage (1501), to the Duke of Ferrara, she became a patron of the arts and science
3. Rodrigo . See Alexander VI
References in periodicals archive ?
Borgia has 15 years of experience leading higher ed programs for Chinese students.
It's the winter of 1501-1502 when In the Name of the Family opens: Rodrigo Borgia is firmly ensconced in the Vatican as Pope Alexander VI, who openly "uses his illegitimate children as weapons to carve a new dynastic block of power.
Luego fue casada con el principe Alfonso de Aragon, quien reinaria en Napoles junto con Lucrecia, a la que amaba pero no la hacia feliz, aparte de ser un mediocre que ya no era util a los Borgia.
Stefano Borgia (1731-1804) viene presentato come l'incarnazione del grande erudito del Settecento, enciclopedico, uomo dagli interessi poliedrici ed erede morale di Benedetto XIV, membro di varie accademie, versato negli studi giuridici, scientifici e letterari: vero specchio del suo tempo, Stefano Borgia nutri un sincero amore per le scienze naturali, al punto da allestire un proprio gabinetto per le ricerche.
The Pope, Borgia and his sister Lucretia looked on as the guests stripped and got down to business.
The contract consists in entrusting the school meals service for pupils attending schools and primary schools of the municipality of Borgia center and Loc.
Los historiadores, que han estudiado a los Borgia, centran sus analisis en las acciones maquiavelicas que realizo el Papa Alejandro VI y su hijo el cardenal Cesar Borgia para mantener el poder y extenderlo.
A Dario Fo lo entrevistaron para El Pais Semanal despues de publicar su primera novela, luego de una vida consagrada al teatro, que trata sobre la vida de Lucrecia Borgia.
Sirva esta reflexion para introducir el presente trabajo, en el cual se plantea una revision critica a la interpretacion que Seler formulo para explicar el contenido de las laminas 53 y 54 del Codice Borgia (desde ahora referidas como B53-54).
She is seen more correctly for what she was, a pawn in the hands of her ruthless father, Rodrigo Borgia.
She takes us through the ups and downs of the Borgias and leaves us wanting more.
A particular problem, that receives new light here, was Cesare Borgia, the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI, who Machiavelli admired in The Prince.