Borgia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Borgia

(bōr`jä), Span. Borja (bôr`hä), Spanish-Italian noble family, originally from Aragón. When Alfonso de Borja, cardinal-archbishop of Valencia, was pope as Calixtus III (1455–58), several relatives followed him to Rome. His nephew Rodrigo became pope as Alexander VIAlexander VI,
1431?–1503, pope (1492–1503), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Rodrigo de Borja or, in Italian, Rodrigo Borgia; successor of Innocent VIII. He took Borja as his surname from his mother's brother Alfonso, who was Pope Calixtus III.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and Rodrigo's illegitimate children were Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia; the later reputations of these Borgias made the family name a synonym for avarice and treachery. To the Spanish branch of the family belonged St. Francis BorgiaFrancis Borgia, Saint
, 1510–72, Spanish Roman Catholic reformer, third general of the Jesuits (see Jesus, Society of). He was a member of the famous Borgia family, a great-grandson of Pope Alexander VI, and cousin to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Francisco Borja (1581–1658), a Spanish general and viceroy of Peru. The direct line of the family, whose senior members bore the title duke of Gandia, died out in the 18th cent.

Bibliography

See studies by E. R. Chamberlin (1974) and C. Hibbert (2008).

Borgia

 

(Italian form; Spanish form, Borja), an aristocratic family of Spanish descent (from Aragón), which played a significant role in 15th- and early 16th-century Italian history. The rise of the family began with Alfonso (1378–1458), who became pope under the name of Calistus III (1455–58). His nephew Rodrigo (Pope Alexander VI; 1492–1503) and Rodrigo’s son Cesare (about 1475–1507) attempted, stopping at nothing, to create a big state in central Italy, with Cesare holding absolute power. To this end they arranged marriages for Alexander VI’s daughter Lucrezia (1480–1519) three times for political aims. In 1499, Cesare became the ruler of Romagna. Cesare served as a prototype of the ruler in Machiavelli’s work. After the death of Alexander VI, Cesare’s great plans began to fail, and the Borgia family disappeared from the historical scene.

REFERENCES

Portigliotti, G. I. Borgia. Milan, 1921.
Pepe, G. La politico dei Borgia. Naples, 1946.
Lucas-Dybreton, J. Les Borgia. Paris, 1952.
Brion, M. Le pape et le prince: Les Borgia. Paris, 1953.

Borgia

1. Cesare , son of Rodrigo Borgia (Pope Alexander VI). 1475--1507, Italian cardinal, politician, and military leader; model for Machiavelli's The Prince
2. his sister, Lucrezia , daughter of Rodrigo Borgia. 1480--1519, Italian noblewoman. After her third marriage (1501), to the Duke of Ferrara, she became a patron of the arts and science
3. Rodrigo . See Alexander VI
References in periodicals archive ?
BATALLA ROSADO, Juan Jose, El Codice Borgia. Una guia para un viaje alucinante por el inframundo, Madrid, Testimonio Compania Editorial, 2008, 555 p.
Alejandro el Borgia piensa que ya es tiempo que deje de ser monje dominico y le extiende entonces el capelo de cardenal de la Iglesia.
Il secondo saggio e dedicato a riabilitare la controversa figura storica di Lucrezia Borgia, che tenendo corte a Ferrara si dimostro esperta di teatro e danza, proteggendo tutte le forme di rappresentazione basate sulla musica e il canto.
Godfather creator Mario Puzo turns back the clock to write about the most bloodthirsty family in Italian history - the Borgias.
Now the film, written and directed by The Crying Game's Neil Jordan and starring Ewan, 31, as murderous Cesare Borgia, has been put on indefinite hold.
The 15th-century tale follows the corrupt Borgia family, which includes siblings Lucretia and Cesare and their father, Roderigo, who went on to become Pope Alexander VI.
Roderigo Borgia went on to become Pope Alexander VI and ran the Vatican as a crime syndicate.
Patricelli's work builds on decades of studies by Borgia's team and other scientists illuminating courtship bowers.
The ex-German colt finished third to Borgia in the 1997 German Derby before being bought by The Winning Line and sent into training with Herefordshire jumps handler Venetia Williams.
A choosy female "can come in close, check out the male, and make sure she's making the right decision," says Gerald Borgia, a zoology professor at the University of Maryland.
"May isang pope diyan, 'yung si Borgia, anak niya he had an incestuous relationship.
Maquiavelo escribe entonces los consejos para un principe ideal que, en la realidad, esta basado en Cesar Borgia, hijo del Papa Alejandro VI y hermano de la funesta Lucrecia.