Boris Chertok


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Boris Chertok
Boris Yevseyevich Chertok Борис Евсеевич Черток
Birthday
BirthplaceŁódź, Russian Empire (now Poland)
Died
NationalityRussian
Occupation
Soviet and Russian rocket scientist and engineer
Known for Deputy Chief Designer of Soviet Space Program

Chertok, Boris Evseevich

 

Born Mar. 1, 1912, in Łódź, in what is now Poland. Soviet scientist in aircraft and spacecraft control systems. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1968); Hero of Socialist Labor (1961). Member of the CPSU since 1932.

After graduating from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute in 1940, Chertok served on the staffs of a number of research institutes and design offices. He joined the faculty of the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1947, becoming a professor in 1966.

Chertok’s main works deal with automation, aircraft and spacecraft control systems, and aggregations of complex systems.

Chertok received the Lenin Prize in 1957 and the State Prize of the USSR in 1976. He has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and various medals.

References in periodicals archive ?
Well known are the diaries of Nikolai Kamanin and the four-volume memoirs of the rocket designer Boris Chertok. (1) Their revealing personal insights into a formerly closed world of secrecy and the opening of Russian archives in the 1990s led to a heightened interest of historians in the societal and cultural dimension of the Soviet space program.
(Moscow: Infortekst/Novosti kosmonavtiki, 1995-2001); Boris Chertok, Rakety i liudi, 4 vols.
Rockets and People, Boris Chertok's seminal series, serves as a de facto report on the Soviet space program from its inception through the moon race of the late 1960s.
Boris Chertok's writing will entertain a wide variety of readers--those brave souls not easily deterred by the overwhelming 754 pages of text!
Arguably even more useful than these have been the range of practitioners of astronautics--individuals as diverse as Boris Chertok, Robert Gilruth, Irene Sanger-Bredt, Frank Malina, and Igor Merkulov, pioneers of astronautics who worked in the field from its earliest days prior to the Second World War through the heyday of Sputnik and the Space Race to Tranquility Base--who have offered memoirs, reminiscences, and papers covering their work and that of their colleagues.
Boris Chertok, now aged 95, one of the Sputnik project's scientists, said: "The country of Isaac Newton was the only one in the world to protest."
NASA has brought us a first-person biographical history of the Soviet space program from one who was there from the earliest times, Boris Chertok. Chertok, whose existence was a state secret until 1990, was Deputy Chief Designer responsible for control systems and a witness to most, if not all, significant engineering and political events of the Soviet space program.
2, by Boris Chertok. NASA History Office (http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/ index.html), 300 E Street SW, Washington, DC 20546, 2005, 402 pages, $42.00 (hardcover) (vol.
Few individuals are as qualified as Boris Chertok to tell the history of the Soviet missile and space program.
In that group were Academician Boris Rauschenbach, Boris Chertok, and Mark Gall.