Boris III

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Boris III,

1894–1943, czar of Bulgaria (1918–43), son of Czar FerdinandFerdinand,
1861–1948, czar of Bulgaria (1908–18), after being ruling prince (1887–1908). A grandnephew of Ernest I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, he was chosen prince of Bulgaria after the enforced abdication of Prince Alexander.
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, on whose abdication he succeeded to the throne. He ruled constitutionally until 1934, then set up a military dictatorship under his premier, Kimon Georgiev, and in 1935 began his personal dictatorship. He turned toward the Axis Powers and in 1940 forced Romania to restore southern DobrujaDobruja
, Rom. Dobrogea, Bulg. Dobrudza, historic region, c.9,000 sq mi (23,300 sq km), SE Europe, in SE Romania and NE Bulgaria, between the lower Danube River and the Black Sea.
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 to Bulgaria. While visiting Hitler in Berlin, he agreed to declare war on Great Britain and the United States, but not on Russia. His mysterious death, possibly by heart attack or by assassination, soon followed. His son, Simeon IISimeon II,
 Simeon Borisov Sakskoburggotski,
or Simeon Borisov Saxe-Coburg-Gotha,
1937–, czar (1943–46) and premier (2001–5) of Bulgaria. He succeeded his father, Boris III, under a regency.
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, succeeded under a regency.

Boris III


Born Jan. 30, 1894; died Aug. 28, 1943. King of Bulgaria from 1918 to 1943. He was the son of Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg. In 1923 he helped to bring about the fascist coup d’etat of A. Tsankov. He pursued a pro-German foreign policy, which led in 1941 to the adherence of Bulgaria to the aggressive Berlin Pact of 1940 and in effect brought Bulgaria into World War II on the side of fascist Germany.

References in periodicals archive ?
King Boris III of Bulgaria has received a posthumous award for saving his country's Jews during the Holocaust by refusing to surrender the 50,000 Jews in Bulgaria to the Nazi army despite heavy pressure from Adolf Hitler.
CDATA[ King Boris III of Bulgaria receives a posthumous award for saving his country's Jews during the Holocaust.
Graced by royalty, Sleeping Car 3425 was a part of the service used by King Carol of Romania while His Majesty King Boris III of Bulgaria, a keen rail enthusiast, used to take to the footplate and drive the train himself.