Korolev, Boris Danilovich
Born Dec. 28, 1884 (Jan. 9, 1885), in Moscow; died there June 18, 1963. Soviet sculptor.
Korolev studied under S. M. Volnukhin at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture from 1910 to 1913. A participant in the Revolution of 1905-07, he was a member of the Society of Moscow Artists (from 1922), the Society of Russian Sculptors, and AKhRR (Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia). Korolev participated in the plan to use monuments as a means of propaganda. Seeking to express revolutionary ideas through abstract forms, he turned to cubism. In his later works, using both impulsive free modeling and large generalized masses, Korolev strove for realistic and clear representations and for explicit volumetric construction. His works include the monuments To Fighters of the Revolution of 1905 in Saratov (granite, 1925), to N. E. Bauman in Moscow (bronze and granite, 1931), and to V. I. Lenin in Tashkent (bronze, granite, and labradorite; 1936), as well as the portraits of V. I. Lenin (marble, 1926, V. I. Lenin Central Museum, Moscow) and A. I. Zheliabov (wood, 1927-28, Museum of the Revolution of the USSR, Moscow).