Kuftin, Boris Alekseevich
Born Jan. 21 (Feb. 2), 1892, in Samara (present-day Kuibyshev); died Aug. 2, 1953, in Leningrad. Soviet archaeologist and ethnographer. Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR (1946).
From 1919, Kuftin taught at Moscow University. From 1933 to 1953 he worked in the Georgian State Museum. His first works were devoted to the ethnography and archaeology of the peoples of the RSFSR and the Ukrainian SSR. Beginning in 1933 he devoted himself primarily to the study of archaeological remains in Georgia. Kuftin discovered the archaeological culture of Transcaucasia of the second millennium B.C. The results of his work on this culture have been summarized in Archaeological Excavations in Trialeti (1936–1940)(vol. 1, 1941; State Prize of the USSR, 1942). Kuftin also identified the Kura-Araks Aeneolithic culture. His studies of the remains of western Georgia are reflected in the two-volume work Materials on the Archaeology of Colchis (1949–1950).