Polynov, Boris Borisovich
Born July 23 (Aug. 4), 1877, in Stavropol’; died Mar. 16, 1952, in Moscow. Soviet scientist and specialist in soil science and geochemistry. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1946; corresponding member, 1933). Member of the CPSU from 1951.
Polynov graduated from the St. Petersburg Forestry Institute in 1900 and from the University of St. Petersburg in 1908. He was a professor at the Don Polytechnic Institute in Novocherkassk from 1920 to 1923, at Leningrad University from 1923 to 1947, and at Moscow University in 1935, 1936, and 1947. He became associated with the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1923 and became a senior research worker at the V. V. Doku-chaev Soil Institute in 1925. His chief works are devoted to soil origin, the formation of the weathering mantle, the importance of organisms in soil formation and weathering, and the classification and geochemical description of landscapes. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.
WORKS“Peski Donskoi oblasti, ikh pochvy i landshafty.” Tr. Pochvennogo in-ta im. V. V. Dokuchaeva, 1926, facs. 1, 1927, fasc. 2.
Kora vyvetrivaniia, part 1. Leningrad, 1934.
“Geokhimicheskie landshafty.” In Voprosy mineralogii, geokhimii i petrografii Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. (Collection of articles; editor in chief, Academician D. S. Beliankin.)
Izbr. Trudy. Moscow, 1956.