Borkou


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Borkou

 

a desert region in the northeast of the Chad Depression in the Sahara (Republic of Chad). It borders on the Tibesti Massif to the north, the Erdi Plateau to the east, and the Bodélé Depression to the south. On the west, it merges with the plains of Kavar, in contrast to which the surface of Borkou is slightly sandy. Most of the area is occupied by accumulative plains of an elevation of 200–400 m sloping down to the south. Borkou runs into cuesta ridges (elevation, 400–700 m) on the north. Vegetation, concentrated along the beds of wadis (streams) and in sinkholes, consists of doom palm groves, acacia groves, fig palms around oases, and fig trees. There is nomadic animal husbandry and salt extraction.

L. A. MIKHAILOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Although the lower Borkou has long been known to the populations of what is now northern Chad and southern Libya as particularly fertile, and although date cultivation in the area seems to go back several centuries (Capot-Rey 1961: 76), the town of Faya itself is largely a colonial creation.
As the principal town in the Borkou and the BET (Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti, Chad's northernmost region), the town boasts a number of government institutions.
On 5 September 2006, a 'Memorandum by the Anakazza community about the re-establishment of intercommunity peace and peaceful cohabitation in Borkou Woun' was issued by the Anakazza chef de canton.
Noticeably, the only demand put forward in the memorandum that was not heeded in the settlement was the chef de canton's claim to ownership of all uncultivated land in the Borkou (of which more below).
A humanoid skull found in Borkou was dated to be more than 3 million years old.