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Bornholm(bôrn`hôlm), county (1992 pop. 45,541), 227 sq mi (588 sq km), extreme E Denmark, in the Baltic Sea, near Sweden, consisting mainly of the island of Bornholm, which constitutes almost all of the land area and population of the county. The much smaller islands of the Ertholmene group (Christianø, Frederiksø, and Græsholm), to Bornholm's northeast, are also part of the county.
Bornholm is a low tableland, rocky and steep on its northern and western coasts. Farming, fishing, handicrafts, and tourism are the chief occupations; granite and kaolin are the main exports. Rønne is the principal town of the island and county.
Bornholm was divided (1149) between Denmark and Sweden, ruled (1327–1522) by the Danish archbishops, governed (1525–76) by Lübeck merchants, and ceded (1658) to Denmark. After Germany's surrender (May, 1945) in World War II, German forces made a desperate stand on Bornholm before Soviet troops forced them to surrender.
an island belonging to Denmark in the southwestern part of the Baltic Sea. Area, 588 sq km. Population, approximately 49,000 (1968). The northern part of the island is composed of Archean granite; the southern part, of Paleozoic and Mesozoic sandstone, schist, and limestone. The surface is hilly; it is a morainic and fluvial glacial plain, with elevations to 162 m. In the southeast and west there are dunes with plantings of coniferous trees along the coast. Deciduous trees occupy about 17 percent of the territory. There are deposits of clay and kaolin. Granite is quarried. R0nne is the chief city and port. During World II, Born-holm was occupied by fascist German troops (1940). It was liberated by Soviet troops on May 9, 1945.