Borough, Stephen

Borough, Stephen

(bûr`ō, bŭ`rō), 1525–84, English navigator. Under the direction of Richard ChancellorChancellor, Richard,
d. 1556, English navigator. When, largely under the inspiration of Sebastian Cabot, a group of men in England undertook to finance a search for the Northeast Passage to Asia, Chancellor was chosen as second in command under Sir Hugh Willoughby.
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 he was master of the Edward Bonaventure, the first ship to round (1553) North Cape and reach Russia by the arctic route, and the only ship to return safely from the expedition. Thereupon, Sebastian CabotCabot, Sebastian,
b. 1483–86?, d. 1557, explorer in English and Spanish service; son of John Cabot. He may well have accompanied his father on the 1497 and 1498 voyages, and he was for many years given the credit for his father's achievements. In the 19th cent.
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 and others who had fostered the plan formed the Muscovy CompanyMuscovy Company
or Russia Company,
first major English joint-stock trading company. It began in 1553 as a group supporting exploration of a possible northeast passage to Asia.
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, establishing a profitable trade with Russia. Sailing again for that company, this time in the Searchthrift, Borough in a voyage of 1556–57 reached Novaya Zemlya and discovered the strait south of it leading to the Kara Sea.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cup holders Hand Inn had to work hard for their 3-1 win over Maelor Borough, Stephen Burn (2) and Mattie Phillips seeing them through.