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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a balneological health spa in Rumania, 26 km from the Toplita railroad station, located in one of the most picturesque corners of Transylvania, in the foothills of the Giurgeului Mountains, at an altitude of 900 m. Borsec has a mid-mountain climate that is moderately humid; the average annual temperature is 5° C (averaging -7° C in January and 14.5° C in July); precipitation is approximately 800 mm a year. The spa’s therapeutic resources are the cold (9° C) carbonated springs of the hydrocarbonate-calcium-mag-nesium type, whose waters are used for bathing, drinking, and bottling (up to 20 million liters a year). The spa is prescribed for patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases, stomach and intestinal disorders, and bladder disorders. Borsec has sanatoriums, rest homes, balneological hospitals, and watering pavilions. There is a mountain weather station. The spa is open year-round.


Borisov, A. D. Vazhneishie kurorty sotsialisticheskikh stran Ev-ropy. Moscow, 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Thus, in 2012, the top positions were held by: Borsec, Gerovital, Dorna, Poiana, La Dorna, Plafar, Cristim, Kandia, Napolact, Fares.
Calatoria dumnealui hatmanului Constantin Paladi la feredeile Borsacului (1828), Scavinski's only extant work, relates half empathetically, half ironically the funny adventures of a group of merry-making young fellows taking a voyage from the city of Iasi to the mountain village of Borsec. Long descriptions of the breath-taking landscape--steep slopes and ravines covered with thick woods and swarming with wild beasts--heralded the emergence of romanticism in Romanian literature; the abundance of mythological references, on the other hand, obliges us to describe this epic poem as neo-classical.
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At the request of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism (MDRT), the French company Detente Consultants (2009) developed a research program targeting 15 main Romanian spas (Mangalia, Eforie Nord, Covasna, Slanic Moldova, Vatra Dornei, Borsec, Baile Herculane, Buzias, Sovata, Bazna, Ocna Sibiului, Baile Felix, Baile Tusnad, Calimanesti and Govora).
Such an example is Borsec, a resort that was emblematic for two centuries, not functioning for several years, after 1990, has now only a local importance and attractiveness.
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