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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a megye in northern Hungary, near the Czechoslovak border. Area, 7,248 sq km. Population in 1968,772,000. Administrative center, Miskolc.

Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén occupies the southern spurs of the eastern part of the Western Carpathians, which border on Czechoslovakia (the Cserhat and Zemplén hills and the northern part of the Bükk hills) and which reach altitudes of 900 meters; it also includes small adjacent sections of lowlands. There is a dense network of rivers, tributaries of the Tisza (Sajó, Hernad, Bodrog, and others). Broad-leaved and coniferous forests cover more than one-fifth of the megy’s area.

Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén is one of the most highly developed industrial regions of Hungary. Large lignite reserves (the Borsod basin) and the country’s only iron deposits (Rudóbánya) make the megye the main area of Hungary’s ferrous metal industry (factories in Miskolc, Ózd, and Bor-sodnadasd). In 1965 the megye was responsible for 100 percent of Hungary’s total output of iron ore, 19 percent of its coal, 64 percent of its production of pig iron, and 61 percent of its steel. Other major industries include machine building, glass and ceramics, textiles, and food. The chemical industry—with chemical combines in Kazincbarcika and Tizsapalkonya—produces chemical fertilizer (more than 70 percent of the country’s nitrogen fertilizer in 1965), plastics, synthetic fibers, and so forth. The main industrial center is Miskolc and its environs.

About one-half of the megye’s area is under cultivation. There are crops of wheat, corn, barley, rye, and oats, and on the southern slopes of the mountains there are truck gardens and vineyards (Tokay grapes). There is also a sugar beet crop. The meat and dairy industry has 160,000 head of cattle, hogs, and sheep.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) Government Office for Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen County, Vologda U.
On a elu 46 autogouvernements roumains, dont 15 a Budapest, 13 dans le district de Bichis, 11 en Bihor, 5 dans le district de Csongrad et 1 dans les districts de Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen et Peste.
During our research - with the help of the sophomore students of the College of Nyiregyhaza majoring in communication and media science seven primary schools in Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg County and one primary school in Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen County were visited in November, 2013, and the fourth-grader pupils were asked to fill in our questionnaire.
Hungary has recently 305 towns in 19 counties most of them situated in Pest County (47), followed by Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen (27) and Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg (26) followed by Bacs- Kiskun, Bekes and Hajdu-Bihar.
The eastern region also consists of nine counties: Nograd; Bacs- Kiskun; Csongrad; Bekes; Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok; Hajdu-Bihar; Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen; and Heves.
Officials in Hungary described the situation in the northeastern county of Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen as Acatastrophic.A' One man died Saturday in the flooding and more than 2,000 people have been evacuated or rescued from their homes.
In the second half of 2003, carcasses of red foxes were sent to the Central Veterinary Institute in Budapest for examination in connection with the rabies immunization and control program in seven counties (Vas, Gyor-Sopron, Komarom-Esztergom, Pest, Nograd, Heves, and Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen) that bordered or were near the border of Austria and the Slovak Republic.
The town of Rudabanya is in northeastern Hungary, 35 km north of the city of Miskolc in Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen county, and approximately 195 km east-northeast of Budapest.
(11.) The six regions were as follows: (i) Centre: Budapest and Pest county, (ii) West and Mid-West: Fejer, Gyor-Sopron-Moson, Komarom-Esztergom, Vas and Veszprem counties, (iii) South West: Baranya, Somogy, Tolna and Zala counties, (iv) North East: Hajdu-Bihar, Szabolcs-Szatmar and Bereg, and Jasz-Nagykun and Szolnok counties, (v) Bacs-Kiskun, Bekes and Csongrad counties, (vi) North: Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Heves and Nograd counties.
All five foxes were shot in two northern Hungarian counties, Nogrfid and Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, in the Nograd Basin (Dregelypalank, 48[degrees]02' North, 19[degrees]04' East, and Pusztaberki, 47[degrees]58' North, 19[degrees]11' East), in the Cserhat Mountains (Salgotarjan, 48[degrees]03' North, 19[degrees]47' East and 48[degrees]01' North, 19[degrees]45' East) and in the Borsod Basin (Kelemer, 48[degrees]19' North, 20[degrees]27' East), near the Hungarian-Slovak border.