The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



city and center of Borzhomi Raion, Georgian SSR. The climate and balneological facilities also make Borzhomi a health resort. It has a railroad station on the Khashuri-Vale line and a branch line to Bakuriani. Population, 16,500 (1969). Borzhomi is located 152 km west of Tbilisi in the wooded Borzhomi gorge in the Kura River valley at an elevation of up to 810 m above sea level, and in the gorges of two of the Kura’s tributaries. The summers are warm, with an average temperature of 19° C in July, and the winters are mild, with an average temperature of -3° C in January. Annual precipitation is 595 mm. Borzhomi features therapeutic mineral waters, used mainly for drinking, whose chemical composition is

The waters are prescribed for patients with stomach and intestinal disorders, liver and bile-duct ailments, and metabolic disturbances. Borzhomi has sanatoriums, a balneological hospital, workers’ resorts, and boardinghouses, which are open year-round. Borzhomi also has a glass factory and a plant which bottles mineral water. There is a forestry technicum, a folk theater, and a museum of local lore. Nearby are the health resorts of Tsagveri, Tsemi, Li-bani, and Patara-Tsemi and the health-resort localities of Akhaldaba, Daba, Dviri, Madzhartskhali, Mzeta-Mze, Tba, Tsinubani, Tsikhidzhvari, and other such areas, where Young Pioneer camps and rest homes operate during the summer.


Nodiia, M. Iu. Borzhomskaia gruppa kurortov i lechebnykh mestnostei. Tbilisi, 1956.
Kurorty SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.