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, ruined city, India
Gaur (gour), ruined city, West Bengal state, India. Known also as Lakhnauti, the city was an ancient Hindu capital of Bengal. It was captured (c.1200) by the Islamic rulers of Delhi and remained a center of their culture until its abandonment in the late 16th cent. In 1537–38 Gaur was besieged and burnt by the Afghan ruler Sher Khan. The Kadam Rasul Mosque (1530), erected over relics supposedly belonging to Muhammad, is still a place of worship. The best-preserved structures are the Bara Sona Masjid and the finely carved Golden Mosque.


, in zoology
gaur, large wild ox of Southeast Asia, having a humplike ridge on the back. The gaur, Bos gaurus, is thought to be the largest of the wild cattle; the bulls may measure more than 6 ft (1.8 m) at the shoulder and weigh more than a ton. The coat in both sexes is generally dark brown, but the lower legs are white. The strongly curved horns sweep backward and inward. The gaur is native to hilly, forested districts of India, Myanmar, and the Malay Peninsula. It roams about in hilly country in small herds during the day, descending to the lowlands for fresh grass in the morning and evening. Another closely related animal, the semidomesticated gayal of Myanmar, is slightly smaller than the gaur. Some authorities believe that it is merely a domesticated version of the same animal. A third related animal, the kouprey, was not discovered until 1936 in central Cambodia. Some biologists have proposed that the kouprey, which now is probably extinct in the wild, is not a separate species but a hybrid between a zebu and a banteng, another wild ox. See also cattle. The gaur is classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Bibos [Novibos] sauveli), a mammal of the family Bovidae of the order Artiodactyla. The body length of the males measures up to 235 cm and the height varies from 170 to 190 cm. The tail is about 100 cm long and has a tuft on the end. Both males and females have curved arc-shaped horns. The hair cover is short. The coloration of males is brown-black or black; the lower part of the legs is white. The females are gray or brownish. The kouprey was discovered and described in the 1930’s. It inhabits the sparse forests of northern and eastern Cambodia. Its numbers are few (probably about 500 individuals). Some zoologists consider the kouprey to be a domesticated ox of hybrid origin that has become wild.


Sokolov, I. I. “O novom vide dikogo byka iz iugo-vostochnoi Azii.” Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 1952, vol. 31, issue 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The list of species, accession number, source and code Species Accession number Source Code Bos taurus V00654 GenBank Bos taurus Bos indicus NC_005971 GenBank Bos indicus Bos gaurus AF348593 GenBank Bos gaurus Bos javanicus D82889 GenBank Bos javanicus Bos grunniens AY955225 GenBank Bos grunniens Bos sauveli AY689189 GenBank Bos sauveli Bubalus bubalis D88635 GenBank Bubalus bubalis Bos frontalis EF061227~EF061237 This study BF01~BF11