Bose-Einstein condensate


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Related to Bose-Einstein condensate: plasma, Fermionic condensate

Bose-Einstein condensate:

see condensatecondensate,
matter in the form of a gas of atoms, molecules, or elementary particles that have been so chilled that their motion is virtually halted and as a consequence they lose their separate identities and merge into a single entity.
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Bose-Einstein condensate

[¦boz ¦īn‚stīn ′kan·dən‚sāt]
(cryogenics)
The state of matter of a gas of bosonic particles below a critical temperature such that a large number of particles occupy the ground state of the system.
References in periodicals archive ?
Showing that the effect occurs in a Bose-Einstein condensate does not prove it would occur in black holes," Unruh says.
Other potential applications for Bose-Einstein Condensate include quantum information processing, and developing precision measurements for some of the world's most sensitive devices, such as an atomic clock.
The next step for scientists is to study and control the extraordinary properties of the Bose-Einstein Condensate and to evaluate possible applications including analog quantum simulations.
In 2003, a team led by MIT's Wolfgang Ketterle, who shared the 2001 Nobel Prize in physics with Cornell and Wieman for their ultracold efforts, created a Bose-Einstein condensate of sodium atoms at 450 picokelvins.
NIST researchers investigated the fundamental rate at which this process can take place in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) and demonstrated that simple classical saturation arguments do not work when applied to this situation.
They hope to make atomtronic sensors not by controlling atoms individually, but by manipulating the flow of hundreds of thousands of atoms all moving together in an ultracold state of matter called a Bose-Einstein condensate.
observed in 1995 for the first time a Bose-Einstein condensate (17).
But it wasn't until 1995 that scientists made a Bose-Einstein condensate, using lasers to carefully cool rubidium-87 atoms down to temperatures less than a millionth of a degree above absolute zero.
By studying turbulence in other quantum fluids, such as an ultracold gaslike state of matter called a Bose-Einstein condensate, scientists might get a more complete picture of quantum turbulence and answer some lingering questions.
In this material, called a Bose-Einstein condensate, supercooled atoms behave as one atom and flow with little resistance.
A Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter that exists at extremely low temperatures.
I thought that a Bose-Einstein condensate occurred only in a gas and that the first time it was achieved was in 1995 using rubidium atoms.