Bose-Einstein Distribution

Bose-Einstein distribution

[¦bōz ¦īn‚stīn dis·trə′byü·shən]
(statistical mechanics)
For an assembly of independent bosons, such as photons or helium atoms of mass number 4, a function that specifies the number of particles in each of the allowed energy states. Also known as Bose distribution.

Bose-Einstein Distribution

 

a formula that describes the energy-level distribution of identical particles with zero or integral spin under the condition that the interaction of the particles in the system is weak and can be disregarded. A particular case of the Bose-Einstein distribution is the Planck formula for photons (quanta of electromagnetic radiation) that have zero mass and spin 1.