The fauna is also interesting, with an abundance of large herbivores of arid environments such as nilgai (Boselaphus
tragocamellus), chinkara (Ga-zella gazella), and blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), which was on the brink of becoming extinct in the desert but was released into large enclosures in the reserve (see also figure 157).
However, the extremely low population numbers of many mammals, such as the Striped Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena) (10-100 individuals), Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus) (150-200 individuals), Nilgai (Boselaphus
tragocamelus) (<350 individuals), and Black Giant Squirrel (Ratufa bicolor)(<500 individuals), as well as the insufficient data for other species, such as the Yellow-bellied Weasel (Mustela kathiah) and Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) (Jnawali et al., 2011), highlight the needs for more research and conservation initiatives on non-flagship mammals both within and outside the PAs.
Type species: Boselaphus tragocamelus (Pallas 1766).
1) reveal all the features of the Pleistocene boselaphine species Boselaphus namadicus, a species recorded from the Upper Siwaliks of the subcontinent.
Table I.- The measurements of the studied cheek teeth (mm) of Boselaphus cf.
The small size species include Elachistoceras and Eotragus; the medium size species include Miotragocerus, Tetracerus and Tragoportax; the large size species include Selenoportax, Pachyportax and Boselaphus.
23 and 24) including Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus), Bluebull (Boselaphus tragocamelus), Chinkara (Gazella bennellii), Black buck (Antilope cervicapr) in and around Jodhpur and in many protected areas in Rajasthan (Chhangani, 2003a).
Crop raids by wild mammals, like Blue bull (Boselaphus tragocamelus), Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus), Wild boar (Sus scrofa) Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus) and Porcupine (Hystrix indica) have been widely reported in all the villages of the study area.
The largest of the Asian antelopes, the Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) is a bovid that was defined for the first time in 1766 by Pallas.
In this context, present research was planned for genomic characterization by sequencing of mitochondrial cytochrome-b, cytochrome-c and d-loop regions of Pakistani nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus).
Texonomic Specie and Sampling Strategy: Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) specie of animal from Bovidae family was selected for this study.
Primer Designing: Reference sequences of complete mitochondrial genome including cytochrome-b, cytochrome-c and d loop regions for Boselaphus tragocamelus (Accession No.NC_020614) was retrieved from NCBI (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov).