Bosporus

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Bosporus

(bŏs`pərəs) or

Bosphorus

(–pərəs) [Gr.,=ox ford, in reference to the story of IoIo,
in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus, king ofo Argos. She was loved by Zeus, who, to protect her from Hera's jealousy, changed her into a white heifer. Hera, however, was not deceived; she claimed the heifer and sent Argus to guard it.
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], Turk. Boğaziçi, strait, c.20 mi (30 km) long and c.2,100 ft (640 m) wide at its narrowest, separating European from Asian Turkey and joining the Black SeaBlack Sea,
inland sea, c.159,600 sq mi (413,360 sq km), between SE Europe and Asia, connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. It is c.
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 with the Sea of MarmaraMarmara, Sea of,
or Sea of Marmora,
c.4,430 sq mi (11,474 sq km), NW Turkey, between Europe in the north and Asia in the south. The Sea of Marmara, c.175 mi (280 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide, is connected on the east with the Black Sea through the Bosporus and on
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. İstanbulİstanbul
, city (1990 pop. 6,748,435) and metropolitan muncipality, capital of İstanbul prov., NW Turkey, on both sides of the Bosporus at its entrance into the Sea of Marmara. Since 2004 the metropolitan municipality and province have been coterminous.
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 straddles the Bosporus. At its narrowest point stand two famous castles: Anadolu Hisar (1390) on the Asian side and Rumeli Hisar (1452) on the European side. With the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
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, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean; it is thought to have been a dry riverbed as recently as 7,600 years ago. The July 15th Martyrs Bridge (formerly the Bosporus Bridge; a suspension bridge) opened in 1973. A second suspension bridge, the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, was completed in 1988, a railroad tunnel under the strait opened in 2013, and a third bridge, the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, a hybrid cable-stayed suspension bridge, opened in 2016; all are in İstanbul. In 2011 the Turkish government proposed building a canal parallel to the Bosporus to reduce the shipping congestion in the strait.

Bosporus

 

(in Turkish, Karadeniz Boğazi; in Greek, Bósporos), a strait between Europe and the Asia Minor peninsula, connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. It is approximately 30 km long and 750 m to 3.7 km wide. It is an ancient river basin, submerged by the sea during the anthropogenic period. The shores are high and steep. There are convenient natural harbors; the best of these is the Golden Horn on the European shore, near the entrance of the Sea of Marmara. Here and on the opposite Asian shore, the city of Istanbul is located. The shallowest depth in the navigational channel is 33 m, and the greatest goes up to 80 m. The surface current in the Bosporus flows from north to south, transporting on the average 325 cubic (cu; km saline (18%o) Black Sea water annually; the subsurface current, approximately 175 cu km of saline water (38°/°°), flows from south to north, from the Sea of Marmara into the Black Sea. The water exchange in the Bosporus was first studied by the Russian oceanographer S. O. Makarov in 1881 and 1882.

bosporus

[′bäs·pə·rəs]
(geography)
A strait connecting two seas or a lake and a sea.

Bosporus

, Bosphorus
the. a strait between European and Asian Turkey, linking the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara
References in periodicals archive ?
A cruise down the Bosphorous, the straits of which mark the Asian-European divide of not just the city, but also of the country, is a great way to spend a lazy afternoon.
Turkish Delights, various cities across Turkey Perfect for those looking for variety without compromising on luxury, the Turkish Delight tour offers a glimpse at Turkey's rich history, from the buzzing streets of Istanbul, to the silk market of Bursa, and the impressive ruins of Pergamon.This escorted premium trip also offers a cruise along the Bosphorous, where Europe and Asia meet, and gourmet meals.
"This project is dormant as it isn't profitable as long as the oil tanker rates to transport crude through the Bosphorous Straits remain at these (low) levels," Scaroni was quoted as saying, adding that he was sorry about Turkey's statements and was "hopeful" they could "find an accord".
US-based Parsons International designed the first and second section of the carriageway, which together account for a 180km section, while Turkey's Bosphorous Technical Consulting Corporation (Botek) offered consultancy services for the remaining 85km stretch of the road project.
The US-based multinational consultant Parsons International designed the first and second section of the carriageway, which together account for a 180 km section, while Turkey's Bosphorous Technical Consulting Corporation (Botek) provided consultancy services for the remaining 85 km stretch of the road project.
This is a memorable venue, with views of the Bosphorous Bridge and Ortaka...y Mosque, innovative design with a steel and glass structure within the walls of the historic palace, and delightful staff and service.
Although it is on the Asian side of the Bosphorous, it is linked with the European side by a rail ferry that carries carriages to Sirdecki on the European side of the river.
More and more Brits are taking the four-hour flight across the Bosphorous for a top class golfing experience in the specially-built tourist town of Belek, a sprawling centre of luxury nestling on the Turkish Riviera midway between Antalya and Alanya.
(389) Long-standing conventions, such as the Montreux Convention with respect to the Bosphorous and Dardanelles, which have operated to the mutual benefit and satisfaction of all the parties involved, regulate a number of important straits.