Bosporus

(redirected from Bosphorus Strait)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Bosphorus Strait: Dardanelles Strait

Bosporus

(bŏs`pərəs) or

Bosphorus

(–pərəs) [Gr.,=ox ford, in reference to the story of IoIo,
in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus, king ofo Argos. She was loved by Zeus, who, to protect her from Hera's jealousy, changed her into a white heifer. Hera, however, was not deceived; she claimed the heifer and sent Argus to guard it.
..... Click the link for more information.
], Turk. Boğaziçi, strait, c.20 mi (30 km) long and c.2,100 ft (640 m) wide at its narrowest, separating European from Asian Turkey and joining the Black SeaBlack Sea,
inland sea, c.159,600 sq mi (413,360 sq km), between SE Europe and Asia, connected with the Mediterranean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. It is c.
..... Click the link for more information.
 with the Sea of MarmaraMarmara, Sea of,
or Sea of Marmora,
c.4,430 sq mi (11,474 sq km), NW Turkey, between Europe in the north and Asia in the south. The Sea of Marmara, c.175 mi (280 km) long and 50 mi (80 km) wide, is connected on the east with the Black Sea through the Bosporus and on
..... Click the link for more information.
. İstanbulİstanbul
, city (1990 pop. 6,748,435) and metropolitan muncipality, capital of İstanbul prov., NW Turkey, on both sides of the Bosporus at its entrance into the Sea of Marmara. Since 2004 the metropolitan municipality and province have been coterminous.
..... Click the link for more information.
 straddles the Bosporus. At its narrowest point stand two famous castles: Anadolu Hisar (1390) on the Asian side and Rumeli Hisar (1452) on the European side. With the DardanellesDardanelles
or Çanakkale Boğazi
, strait, c.40 mi (60 km) long and from 1 to 4 mi (1.6 to 6.4 km) wide, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara and separating the Gallipoli peninsula of European Turkey from Asian Turkey.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the Bosporus connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean; it is thought to have been a dry riverbed as recently as 7,600 years ago. The July 15th Martyrs Bridge (formerly the Bosporus Bridge; a suspension bridge) opened in 1973. A second suspension bridge, the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, was completed in 1988, a railroad tunnel under the strait opened in 2013, and a third bridge, the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, a hybrid cable-stayed suspension bridge, opened in 2016; all are in İstanbul. In 2011 the Turkish government proposed building a canal parallel to the Bosporus to reduce the shipping congestion in the strait.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bosporus

 

(in Turkish, Karadeniz Boğazi; in Greek, Bósporos), a strait between Europe and the Asia Minor peninsula, connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. It is approximately 30 km long and 750 m to 3.7 km wide. It is an ancient river basin, submerged by the sea during the anthropogenic period. The shores are high and steep. There are convenient natural harbors; the best of these is the Golden Horn on the European shore, near the entrance of the Sea of Marmara. Here and on the opposite Asian shore, the city of Istanbul is located. The shallowest depth in the navigational channel is 33 m, and the greatest goes up to 80 m. The surface current in the Bosporus flows from north to south, transporting on the average 325 cubic (cu; km saline (18%o) Black Sea water annually; the subsurface current, approximately 175 cu km of saline water (38°/°°), flows from south to north, from the Sea of Marmara into the Black Sea. The water exchange in the Bosporus was first studied by the Russian oceanographer S. O. Makarov in 1881 and 1882.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bosporus

[′bäs·pə·rəs]
(geography)
A strait connecting two seas or a lake and a sea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Bosporus

, Bosphorus
the. a strait between European and Asian Turkey, linking the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The hotel features a rooftop bar overlooking the Bosphorus strait, and a spa which will offer guests Hammam treatments, a Turkish bath and steam room, the spa's menu is comprised of locally-inspired healing treatments, massages, body rituals and facials.
Bosphorus Strait is a key hub for the maritime transit of mainly oil and grains connecting the Black Sea and the Mediterranean.
It is the third bridge to span the Bosphorus Strait and ranks among the world's biggest suspension bridges, in terms of width of deck, height of pylons as well as length of span.
The snowstorm also closed the shipping channel through the Bosphorus Strait, one of the busiest in the world and forced the cancellation of most inter-city ferry services.
Istanbul, split by the Bosphorus strait, straddles Europe and Asia, making it one of the most vibrant and exciting cities in the world.
Seven people were rescued and nine more were missing from the stricken boat, which had set off earlier from Istanbul and had travelled through the Bosphorus Strait on its way to Romania.
Guided missile destroyer USS Ross (DDG-71) was scheduled to transit the Bosphorus Strait today - U.S.
WHERE TO STAY | SHANGRI-LA BOSPHORUS, ISTANBUL A SHORT distance from the Ottoman-built Dolmabahce Palace, this exciting new hotel is set on the shores of the Bosphorus Strait in the busy Besiktas area of the city.
Growth in rail freight volumes will be helped by the recently opened Marmaray rail tunnel under the Bosphorus Strait.
Windows in several multi-storey buildings were blown out and a car tipped onto its side by the force of the blast, which could be heard from across the Bosphorus Strait dividing the city of almost 15 million people.
The tunnel, an engineering feat, spans 13 km (8 miles) some 60 meters below the Bosphorus Strait. Called the Marmaray, it will carry subway commuters and eventually serve high speed passenger and freight trains.
Construction of the tunnel that runs 1.4 kilometres (0.8 miles) under the Bosphorus Strait had been scheduled to take four years but was delayed after a series of major archaeological discoveries.