Boston Symphony Orchestra

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Boston Symphony Orchestra,

founded in 1881 by Henry Lee Higginson, who was its director and financial backer until 1918. The orchestra performed at the Old Boston Music Hall for nearly 20 years until the 2,625-seat Symphony Hall was built in 1900; its concerts continue to be held there. The Boston Symphony's conductors have included Sir George HenschelHenschel, Sir George
, 1850–1934, German-English conductor, composer, and baritone. His first appearance (1877) in England was as a singer, and there he and his wife inaugurated (c.1880) the song recital. In 1881 he became the Boston Symphony Orchestra's first conductor.
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 (1881–84), Arthur NikischNikisch, Arthur
, 1855–1922, Hungarian conductor and violinist, grad. Vienna Conservatory, 1873. He played in Wagner's orchestra at the dedication of the Festspielhaus at Bayreuth and with the Vienna court orchestra.
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 (1889–93), Karl Muck (1906–8; 1912–18), Pierre MonteuxMonteux, Pierre
, 1875–1964, French-American conductor, studied at the Paris Conservatory. As conductor (1911–14) of Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, he directed the premieres of ballets by Stravinsky, Ravel, and Debussy.
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 (1919–24), Serge KoussevitzkyKoussevitzky, Serge
(Sergei Aleksandrovich Koussevitzky) , 1874–1951, Russian-American conductor, studied in Moscow. He began his career as a double bass player. In 1908 he made his debut as a conductor in Berlin.
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 (1924–49), Charles MünchMünch, Charles
, 1891–1968, French conductor and violinist, b. Alsace. Having conducted and directed orchestras in Paris (1933–48), Münch appeared for three seasons from 1947 as guest conductor of the New York Philharmonic, and was chief conductor of the
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 (1949–62), Erich LeinsdorfLeinsdorf, Erich
, 1912–93, American conductor, b. Vienna. Leinsdorf studied at the Vienna state academy of music and in 1934 began his conducting career, serving as assistant to Bruno Walter and then to Toscanini at the Salzburg festival.
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 (1962–69), William Steinberg (1969–72), Seiji OzawaOzawa, Seiji
, 1935–, Japanese conductor, b. Japanese-occupied Manchuria. A graduate of the Toho School of Music, Ozawa became the first Japanese conductor to gain recognition in the West, winning competitions in Europe and the United States.
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 (1973–2002), James LevineLevine, James,
1943–, American conductor, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. A piano prodigy, he was a soloist with the Cincinnati Symphony at the age of 10. After extensive musical studies, he served (1964–65) as an apprentice to George Szell with the Cleveland Orchestra,
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 (2004–11), and Andris NelsonsNelsons, Andris,
1978–, Latvian conductor. He studied piano and trumpet, and was a trumpeter with the Latvian National Opera as a teenager. After studying conducting in St.
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 (2014–). One of America's oldest orchestras, it has summer activities that include the Tanglewood Music FestivalTanglewood Music Festival,
formerly the Berkshire Festival (until 1984), summer music festival held since 1937 at "Tanglewood," a former estate in the adjoining towns of Stockbridge and Lenox, Mass. The Berkshire Festival was begun in 1934 at a farm in Stockbridge.
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 and the Boston Pops Concerts. The Pops orchestra, which began with "Promenade" concerts in 1885 and has had its present title since 1900, has been conducted by Arthur FiedlerFiedler, Arthur,
1894–1979, American conductor, b. Brookline, Mass. Fiedler, who ultimately became a grandfatherly American musical icon, studied violin with his father, a member of the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
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 (1930–79), John Williams (1980–93), and Keith Lockhart (1995–).


See studies by M. A. De Wolfe Howe (1931); H. E. Dickson (1969); J. Baker-Carr (1977); C. A. Vigeland (1991).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Boston Symphony Orchestra's Muck soon came under fire.
He played in the Rochester Philharmonic and Boston Symphony Orchestra. He was elected an IHS Honorary Member in 1980.
A spokesman for Sir Bryn said: "Bryn has withdrawn from performances up to and including the Boston Symphony Orchestra dates, the last of which was due to be on February 3.
(9) 1993: Scores "Schindler's List" with violinist Itzhak Perlman and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Powerful, heartfelt score wins him a fifth Academy Award.
She replaces Andris Nelsons, who left CBSO to become music director of Boston Symphony Orchestra last year after seven years in the role.
That is changing, as both are taking part this week in the Boston Symphony Orchestra's new Onstage at Symphony program.
For his farewell concerts on June 17 and 18, 2015, he has chosen Mahler's Symphony No 3 and the UK premiere of a new choral piece by his fellow Latvian Eriks Eenvalds, which has been jointly commissioned with the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
In addition, Dr Dipp is a member of the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Board of Trustees, the Boston Symphony Orchestra Board of Overseers and the MassBio Advisory Board.
Oft is the 12th principal trombone of the Boston Symphony Orchestra since its founding in 1881.
Since then, he has been touring the world, collaborating with great artists and the world's top orchestras such as the Berlin Philharmonic and the Boston Symphony Orchestra, garnering distinguished reviews and the highest acclaims as the one and only taiko soloist in contemporary music history.
Jong-Gyung Park now lives in England but made a very early start to her successful career in the United States - an orchestral debut at the tender age of 13 with the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
"The Day I Almost Destroyed the Boston Symphony and Other Stories" is a memoir from John Sant'Ambrogio, a nearly four decade veteran of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. A master of the Cello, he brings readers a fine collection of stories to give a bit of inside insight into the world of classical music with a wide array of fascinating tales.

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