Boston Tea Party


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Boston Tea Party,

1773. In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend ActsTownshend Acts,
1767, originated by Charles Townshend and passed by the English Parliament shortly after the repeal of the Stamp Act. They were designed to collect revenue from the colonists in America by putting customs duties on imports of glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
..... Click the link for more information.
, had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially embarrassed East India CompanyEast India Company, British,
1600–1874, company chartered by Queen Elizabeth I for trade with Asia. The original object of the group of merchants involved was to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade with the East Indies.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The colonists tried to prevent the consignees from accepting taxed tea and were successful in New York and Philadelphia. At Charleston the tea was landed but was held in government warehouses. At Boston, three tea ships arrived and remained unloaded but Gov. Thomas HutchinsonHutchinson, Thomas,
1711–80, colonial governor of Massachusetts (1771–74) and historian, b. Boston. A descendant of Anne Hutchinson, he was a man of wealth and prominence, of learning, and of notable integrity.
..... Click the link for more information.
 refused to let the ships leave without first paying the duties. A group of indignant colonists, led by Samuel AdamsAdams, Samuel,
1722–1803, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Boston, Mass.; second cousin of John Adams. An unsuccessful businessman, he became interested in politics and was a member (1765–74) and clerk
..... Click the link for more information.
, Paul RevereRevere, Paul,
1735–1818, American silversmith and political leader in the American Revolution, b. Boston. In his father's smithy he learned to work gold and silver, and he became a leading silversmith of New England.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and others, disguised themselves as Native Americans, boarded the ships on the night of Dec. 16, 1773, and threw the tea into the harbor. In reply Parliament passed the Boston Port Bill (see Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts,
name given by American patriots to five laws (including the Quebec Act) adopted by Parliament in 1774, which limited the political and geographical freedom of the colonists.
..... Click the link for more information.
).

Bibliography

See studies by B. W. Labaree (1964) and B. L. Carp (2010).

Boston Tea Party

irate colonists, dressed as Indians, pillage three British ships (1773). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 58, 495]

Boston Tea Party

colonists rioted against tea tax (1773). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 341]
See: Riot
References in periodicals archive ?
Boston Tea Party Group is a family-owned business founded in 1996 and has four branches in Bristol and six elsewhere in the South West.
Caption: Jonathan Richman's recollection of the Velvet Underground performing at the Boston Tea Party in the late 1960s.
Boston Tea Party, which has branches inSolihullandStratford-on-Avon, stands to lose over [pounds sterling]1million in sales by scrapping takeaway cups in a bid toreduce waste.
The February 2nd participation in the Boston Tea Party was the official launch of GreenFields' new and innovative Exploring the World Our Way (eWOW) initiative.
And if you paid proper attention in high-school civics, you would know that that legislation led to the Boston Tea Party, a catalyst for the American Revolution.
Within the next hour I had an email from other friends who were also on a cruise and at that time were in a cafe at the site of the Boston Tea Party.
CAFE chain Boston Tea Party has opened a new venue in Edgbaston.
She describes the expansion of the English commercial empire in the 18th century; the slow rise of tea drinking in the US and the stimulation of demand; the politics of nonimportation, the Townshend Acts, taxes on tea, and the impact of luxury consumption; the global dimensions of the American tea crisis that preceded the Boston Tea Party; how Americans repatriated tea during the Revolution; and subsequent American commercial independence and trade with China.
It all goes back, he says, to the first major American protest, the Boston Tea Party in 1773, when a band of American colonists boarded three British ships and dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.
It also covers Tea production, how it came to Europe, Tea trading--the East India Company and the London Tea Auctions and the inevitable Boston Tea Party.
In 1773, the Boston Tea Party took place as American colonists boarded a British ship and dumped more than 300 chests of tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes.
Sons of Liberty tells the story of the American Revolution over six episodes from the Boston Tea Party to the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

Full browser ?