botanical garden

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botanical garden,

public place in which plants are grown both for display and for scientific study. An arboretum is a botanical garden devoted chiefly to the growing of woody plants. The plants in botanical gardens are labeled, usually with both the common and the scientific names, and they are often arranged in cultural or habitat groups, such as rock gardens, aquatic gardens, desert gardens, and tropical gardens. Botanical gardens perform diversified functions, e.g., the collection and cultivation of plants from all parts of the world (which has made them increasingly important for protecting endangered plants), experimentation in plant breeding and hybridization, the maintenance of botanical libraries and herbariums, and the administration of educational programs for adults and children.

The two most important gardens in the United States are the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx Park, New York City (est. 1891) and the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Mo. (est. c.1860 and affiliated with Washington Univ.). The Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, formerly Blaksley Botanic Garden, Santa Barbara, Calif. (est. 1926), is noted for its collection of desert and subtropical ornamental plants. Other well-known botanical gardens are the Arnold Arboretum, near Boston, Mass. (est. 1872 as part of Harvard); Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, N.Y. (est. 1910); Highland and Durand-Eastman parks, Rochester, N.Y.; Bartram's Gardens, Philadelphia (founded 1728); the United States Botanic Gardens (est. 1820) and the National Arboretum (est. 1927), Washington, D.C.; Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coconut Grove, Fla. (est. 1938); Fort Worth Botanic Garden, Fort Worth, Tex. (est. 1933); Rancho Santa Ana Botanical Garden, Anaheim, Calif. (est. 1927); Huntington Botanical Garden, San Marino, Calif; the botanical gardens at Ottawa, Montreal, and Toronto, Canada; and the numerous botanical gardens of Europe, including the Royal Botanic Gardens, known as Kew Gardens, London; and the Jardin des Plantes, Paris.

Bibliography

See D. Wyman, The Arboretums and Botanical Gardens of North America (rev. ed. 1959); V. Heywood et al., ed., International Directory of Botanical Gardens (5th ed. 1990); S. Oldfield, Botanic Gardens: Modern-Day Arks (2010).

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Botanical garden

Greenhouse where a variety of plants are grown for recreational viewing
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

botanical garden

[bə′tan·ə·kəl ′gär·dən]
(botany)
An institution for the culture of plants collected chiefly for scientific and educational purposes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

botanical garden

A garden in which a variety of plants are collected and grown for scientific study and display; often includes greenhouses for tropical material.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Speaking at the foundation-stone laying ceremony of the development and up-gradation of the Botanic Garden in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, on Sunday, the environment minister said, "The garden is being developed and upgraded with the objectives of collection of plant species, research, training, environmental education, public awareness, aesthetics and entertainment through the protection of plant biodiversity."
<B Horticultural apprentice Carly Green stands next to a 16ft echium in the great glasshouse at the National Botanic Gardens last year
We expected it might be as long as five years until he bloomed again," said Pati Vitt, a senior scientist at the Botanic Garden.
Friends of Botanic Gardens Group also helped with funding as did the Heritage Lottery Fund.
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Since the first botanic gardens were created, more than 400 years ago, the communication strategies aimed at their publics have experienced great changes throughout time.
She also traced the contribution made by botanic gardens, the plant hunters and collectors of South West Asia, and flora writers over the centuries to the knowledge and understanding of those plants.